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Crises and capital controls in small open economies: a stock–flow consistent approach*

Hamid Raza, Bjorn Runar Gudmundsson, Gylfi Zoega and Mikael Randrup Byrialsen

Keywords: post-Keynesian; stock–flow consistent; monetary policy; capital controls; sudden stops; financial crisis

This paper attempts to explain the role of capital inflows in creating economic booms and busts in a small open economy with sovereign currency. We develop a stock–flow consistent (SFC) model for a small open economy while relying on the experience of the Icelandic crisis. We demonstrate the destabilising effects of capital inflows on the economy by allowing for a sudden stop, and also discuss the role of capital controls as a policy response in the event of a crisis due to sudden stops. Finally, we discuss the policy implications of our results in order to tackle the destabilising effects associated with financial flows in a small economy.

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