See for a good general account of the issue of animal suffering which necessarily goes beyond the language of rights A Linzey, Why Animal Suffering Matters (OUP, Oxford 2009).
See D Ivison, Rights (Acumen, Stocksfield 2008), especially chs 1–4.
J Griffin, On Human Rights (OUP, Oxford 2008) is a recent and excellent treatment of human rights from this kind of philosophical point of view.
B de Las Casas, In Defence of the Indians (c 1548), reprinted in part in MR Ishay, The Human Rights Reader (2nd edn Routledge, New York and London 2007) 165–8.
See C Gearty, ‘Is Human Rights Speciesist?’ in A Linzey (ed), The Link Between Animal Abuse and Human Violence (Sussex Academic Press, Brighton 2009), ch 12.
CB Macpherson, The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism (OUP, Oxford 1962).
Many of which are usefully collected in Ishay (n 4), ch 15.
The classic example with regard to race is the US Supreme Court decision determining that slaves were in law the property of their masters, Dred Scott v Sandford 60 US 393 (1856), 60 US 393 (How).
Two of the best critiques, albeit from different perspectives, are MA Glendon, Rights Talk: The Impoverishment of Political Discourse (The Free Press, New York 1991) and JAG Griffith, The Politics of the Judiciary (5th edn Fontana Press, London 1997).
An extreme case along these libertarian lines is developed in R Nozick, Anarchy, State and Utopia (Basil Blackwell, Oxford 1974).
For a regional example see Article 1 of the First Protocol of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (European Convention on Human Rights, as amended) (ECHR), now part of United Kingdom law: Human Rights Act 1998 s 1 and sched 1.
A brilliant account is AWB Simpson, Human Rights and the End of Empire (OUP, Oxford 2001).
UNGA Res 41/128 (4 December 1986) UN Doc. A/Res/41/128.
See generally M Bedjaoui, ‘The Right to Development’ in M Bedjaoui (ed), International Law: Achievements and Prospects (UNESCO and Martinus Nijhoff, Dordrecht 1991), ch 53.
This is of course an absurdly conflated account. For a general treatment see L Morris (ed), Rights: Sociological Perspectives (Routledge, Abingdon 2006).
C Douzinas, Human Rights and Empire (Routledge-Cavendish, Abingdon 2007) is particularly good on this power point. The author is a lawyer albeit one with a strong sociological feel.
See U Baxi, The Future of Human Rights (OUP, New Delhi 2002) for an exceptionally powerful account along these lines.
N Stammers, Human Rights and Social Movements (Pluto Press, London 2009) 145.
See <http://www.unep.org/Documents/Default.asp?documentID=9> accessed 16 September 2009.
Report of the UN Conference on Environment and Development, 3–14 June 1992, Annex 1. <www.un.org/esa/dsd/agenda21/> accessed 16 September 2009.
Commission on Human Rights. Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities. Review of further developments in fields with which the Sub-Commission has been concerned: Human Rights and the Environment. Final report prepared by Special Rapporteur General, Fatma Zohra Ksentini, E/CN.4/Sub.2/1994/9.
See <www.foei.org/en/publications/pdfs/climate.../human_rights.pdf> accessed 16 September 2009.
See n 24, above at 6.
For further elaboration of this approach to human rights, see C Gearty, ‘Principles of Human Rights Adjudication’ (OUP, Oxford 2004) and C Gearty ‘Hamlyn Lectures’ , Can Human Rights Survive? (CUP, Cambridge 2006).
Above n 24 at 6.
Ibid at 5.
For the limited role of the International Court of Justice and other judicial bodies organized on an international basis see G Oberleitner's Global Human Rights Institutions (Polity, Cambridge 2007), ch 6.
(2005) 41 EHRR 403.
See F Donson, Legal Intimidation (Free Association Books, London 2000).
(1999) 30 EHRR 241.
(1998) 28 EHRR 603.
(2003) 37 EHRR 783.
Lopez Ostra v Spain (1994) 20 EHRR 277; Guerra v Italy (1998) 26 EHRR 357.
(2001) 34 EHRR 1 para 107.
(2003) 37 EHRR 611.
See n 21, above.
See n 22, above.
UNGA Res 61/295 (13 September 2007).
The Second Declaration from the Lacandona Jungle (adopted 19 June 1994) <http://flag.blackened.net/revolt/mexico/ezln/ccri_2nd_dec_june94.html> accessed 17 September 2009.
As the Commonwealth Secretariat neatly puts it in its title to a recent intervention: Human Rights and Climate Change: An Approach That Puts People in the Forefront of the Debate Commonwealth Secretariat Discussion Paper 5 (July 2009).
See generally International Council on Human Rights, Climate Change and Human Rights: A Rough Guide (International Council on Human Rights Policy, Versoix 2008); and S Humphreys (ed), Human Rights and Climate Change (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2010).
See further C Gearty, ‘Can Human Rights Survive?’ above n 27, ch 5 and on evolution and human rights ‘Human Rights After Darwin: Is a General theory of Human Rights Now Possible?’ at <http://www.conorgearty.co.uk/pdfs/Human_Rights_after_DarwinLECTURE7May2009.pdf> accessed 17 September 2009.