Generating compliance in conflict settings: how to engage armed non-state actors on International Law and live to tell the tale
  • 1 Thematic legal adviser, Geneva Call
Introduction

In a context in which non-state actors have become an essential topic of discussion to better understand international dynamics, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) seem to occupy a preferential place.1 They have been involved in the creation, interpretation and enforcement of international law.2 NGOs have also assumed functions that previously were considered as the exclusive responsibility of states, such as the provision of public services.3 In the international humanitarian law (IHL) realm, by addressing the behaviour of parties to armed conflicts, NGOs have assumed roles that are of a great relevance for the international

Contributor Notes

*

  PhD Candidate, Leiden University. LL.M., Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights. Lawyer, University of Buenos Aires, School of Law [email: eheffes@genevacall.org]. This article was written in the author’s personal capacity and does not represent the views of any institution. It is based on a presentation delivered at the Conference on War in Cities: ‘Searching for practical solutions to the contemporary challenges’, organized by the Belgian Interministerial Commission for Humanitarian Law, the Belgian Red Cross and the ICRC on 25 April 2019.

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