Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Governance and Politics
Show Less

Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Governance and Politics

Edited by Philipp H. Pattberg and Fariborz Zelli

Providing its readers with a unique point of reference, as well as stimulus for further research, the Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Governance and Politics is an indispensable tool for anyone interested in the governance and politics of the environment, particularly students, researchers and practitioners. This comprehensive reference work, written by some of the most eminent academics in the field, contains entries on numerous aspects of global environmental governance and politics, including concepts and definitions; theories and methods; actors; institutions; issue-areas; cross-cutting questions; and overlaps with non-environmental fields.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
This content is available to you

Index: Index

  • Abbott, K. 474

  • ABS (access and benefit sharing) 323, 325, 3267

  • ACC (American Chemistry Council) 340

  • Ackerman, F. 85

  • Action Impact Matrix 64

  • actor-based models 1235

  • adaptiveness 20

  • Adelle, C. 455, 458

  • advanced liberalism 11213

  • AEPS (Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy) 31819

  • After Hegemony (book) 137

  • Agarwal, B. 106

  • Agenda 21 (1992) 10, 63, 105, 2489, 277, 290, 394, 523

  • ‘agents’ 180

  • Agrawal, A. 11516

  • Agreement on Conservation of Polar Bears (1973) 317

  • agricultural drainage 431

  • agriculture 65, 419, 454, 465, 499503, 506, 512

  • Agriculture at a Crossroads (report) 509

  • AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) 512, 513, 516, 517

  • Ainley, K. 24041

  • Air Convention see CLRTAP (Convention on Long–range Transboundary Air Pollution)

  • air pollution

    • and Arctic 316

    • and civil society 188

    • and climate change 347

    • and Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution 308, 310, 31112, 31314

    • defining 3078

    • and earth system governance 19

    • and feminism 109

    • and health 516

    • key findings 30813

    • outlook 31314

    • and regimes 297

    • and renewable energy 417

    • and scientists and experts 234

    • and teaching global environmental governance 165

  • Alaimo, S. 109

  • Alemanno, A. 333

  • ALI (American Law Institute) 159

  • Ali, I. 40

  • Alter, K. J. 473

  • AMEC (Arctic Military Environmental Cooperation) 317

  • Annan, Kofi 480, 481

  • Anthropocene 37, 1617, 246, 27, 31, 33, 162

  • anthropogenic interference 350, 353, 355

  • AOFA (Arctic Ocean Framework Agreement) 320

  • AOSIS (Alliance of Small Island States) 243

  • APP (Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate) 263, 265

  • ARC (Alliance of Religions and Conservation) 230, 231

  • Arctic 31520, 474

  • Arctic Council 316, 31820

  • ‘Arctic SAR Agreement’ 319

  • Arnold, J. L. 82

  • Arrhenius, S. 347

  • Arrow, K. J. 85

  • ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) economies 167

  • ‘assessments’ 234

  • Aviation Directive (EU) 489

  • Axelrod, R. 139

  • ‘B Team’ initiative 204

  • Bäckstrand, K. 50, 98, 114

  • Bailin, A. 262, 264

  • Bamako Convention 384, 385

  • Barbut, M. 3612

  • Barcelona Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution (1976) 194

  • Barnett, C. 214

  • Barnett, M. N. 206, 209

  • Baron, R. A. 201

  • Barton, O. 390

  • Basel Action Network 382, 386

  • Basel Ban 383, 384, 386

  • Basel Convention (1989) 195, 342, 3817, 537

  • Basel Protocol on Liability and Compensation (1999) 383

  • Bauer, S. 210

  • BEAC (Barents Euro-Arctic Council) 318

  • Beauquier, C. 23

  • p. 546Beck, U. 59

  • Beckerman, W. 85

  • Beebe, W. 390

  • Bennett, J. 109

  • Bennett, W. L. 21415

  • Berkhout, F. 455

  • Berlin, I. 27

  • Bernstein, S. 46, 129, 131

  • Betsill, M. 188

  • Bhopal disaster (1984) 339

  • Biermann, F. 206, 234, 445, 469, 471, 472

  • biological diversity

    • and agriculture 499

    • defining 322

    • and desertification 358

    • and environmental policy integration 459

    • and European Union 195

    • and feminism 106, 109

    • and food 506

    • governing biodiversity 3246

    • and green economy 463

    • and health 513

    • and individuals 2045

    • and institutional fragmentation 470, 472, 473

    • and integrated assessment modelling 120, 121, 124

    • key findings 3236

    • and mega-conferences 278

    • and neoliberal institutionalism 136

    • outlook 3267

    • and planetary boundaries 3

    • and poverty 524

    • and qualitative comparative analysis 142

    • and scientists and experts 234

    • and states 243

    • and sustainable development 63

    • and teaching global environmental governance 162, 165

    • and wetlands 432

  • biophysical changes 162

  • biopolitics 11214

  • biosafety and genetically modified organisms 220, 32935, 472, 536

  • blogs 214

  • blueprints, diffusion of 17780

  • Boadway, R. W. 85

  • Booth, K. 923

  • Borgerson, S. G. 319

  • boundary organizations 234

  • ‘bounded autonomy’ 334

  • Boykoff, M. T. 214, 215

  • Brand, U. 131

  • Branson, R. 202, 2034

  • Bratman, E. 12930

  • Breitmeier, H. 298

  • Bretherton, C. 108

  • Bretton Woods 135

  • ‘brown economy/industry’ 463, 464

  • Brown, C. 24041

  • Brown-Weiss, E. 442

  • Brulle, R. 228

  • Brundtland Commission/Report (1987) 46, 375

  • Buccini, J. 341

  • Buchanan, J. 261

  • Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (journal) 176

  • Busch, P. -O. 450

  • Bush, George W. 261, 351

  • Byrd–Hagel Resolution (1997) 351

  • CAFOs (confined animal feeding operations) 507

  • ‘California effect’ 451

  • Cameron, J. 390, 395

  • CAN (Climate Action Network) 188, 189

  • Cao, A. 153

  • carbon dioxide emissions 347, 348, 3512, 3545, 416, 419, 441

  • ‘carbon governmentality’ 115

  • Carbon War Room (non-profit organization) 204

  • ‘carbonification’ 114

  • Cardiff Process 456

  • Carson, R. 23, 105, 339

  • Cartagena Protocol (2003) 195, 243, 322, 330, 331, 3324, 335, 508, 536, 537, 538

  • CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) Registry 338

  • Cashore, B. 49

  • Catholic Climate Covenant 231

  • Catholic Social Teaching 228

  • CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity) 63, 119, 243, 278, 318, 3227, 330, 359, 360, 375, 377, 394

  • CBDR (common but differentiated responsibilities) 347, 349, 351, 355

  • CCAC (Climate and Clean Air Coalition) 263, 264

  • CCAMLR (Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources) 365, 369

  • CCMS (Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society) 531

  • CCT (conditional cash transfer) 522

  • CDM (Clean Development Mechanism) 64, 98, 115, 13031, 353, 502

  • CDP (Carbon Disclosure Project) 283

  • CEOs (chief executive officers) 200, 201

  • CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons) 399, 401, 402

  • Chambers, R. 521

  • p. 547Chambers, S. 96

  • Checkel, J. T. 75

  • chemicals 3, 53, 167, 292, 33844, 506, 514

  • ‘chemicals cluster’ 338

  • Cheney, J. 91

  • Chipko movement 186, 230

  • CHM (common heritage of mankind) 324

  • Cho, S. 333

  • CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species) 176, 243, 489, 537

  • civil society

    • and clubs 265, 266

    • and constructivism and sociological institutionalism 75

    • and consumerism 14

    • defining 1857

    • and deliberative policy analysis 97, 99

    • and forestry 375

    • and health 512, 515, 516

    • key findings 18790

    • and mega-conferences 275, 277, 279

    • and Neo-Gramscianism 1278, 129, 131, 132

    • and neoliberal institutionalism 137, 139

    • outlook 190

    • and private environmental governance 284

    • and private sector 218

    • and public–private partnerships 292

    • and religious movements 225

  • CJN! (Climate Justice Now!) 186, 189

  • Clarke, L. 122

  • Clean Air Act (1990 amendment) 47

  • Clean Energy and Security Act (2009) 532

  • climate change

    • addressing 3479

    • and agriculture 500

    • and air pollution 307

    • and Arctic 315, 31617, 319, 320

    • and biological diversity 326

    • and civil society 188

    • and clubs 262, 2634

    • and cost-benefit analysis 82, 83

    • defining 347

    • and deliberative policy analysis 98, 101

    • and desertification 358

    • and environmental policy integration 455, 4567

    • and environment and nature 24

    • and European Union 187, 193, 195, 1968

    • and feminism 106, 108, 109

    • and food 506

    • and forestry 373, 3756

    • and governmentality 113, 11415

    • and green economy 463

    • and health 513, 514, 516

    • and individuals 204

    • and institutional fragmentation 470, 471, 472, 473, 474

    • and integrated assessment modelling 120

    • and international bureaucracies 207

    • international response milestones 35053

    • key findings 34754

    • and liberal environmentalism and

    • governance norms 47, 48, 50

    • and media 213, 21516

    • and mega-conferences 276

    • and Millennium Development Goals 478

    • and Neo-Gramscianism 130

    • and neoliberal institutionalism 136, 139

    • outlook 3545

    • and ozone 4012

    • and phosphorus 404, 408, 410, 413

    • and planetary boundaries 3

    • policy instruments 3534

    • and private environmental governance 283, 285

    • and private sector 221

    • and public–private partnerships 291

    • and qualitative comparative analysis 142

    • and regimes 295, 297, 298, 300, 301

    • and religious movements 225, 230

    • and renewable energy 41617

    • and scientists and experts 234, 236, 237, 238

    • and security 528, 53033

    • and simulations 156

    • and states 243

    • and sustainable development 63, 4834

    • and teaching global environmental governance 162, 165

    • and trade 540

    • and United Nations 251

    • and water 424, 4267, 428

    • and wetlands 432

  • Climate Change Cooperation Index 143

  • ‘climate governmentalities’ 11415

  • ‘climate justice’ 230

  • Climate Security Act (2007) 532

  • ‘climate security’ 528, 53032

  • ‘climate skeptics’ 21516

  • ‘climategate’ 21516, 237, 353

  • ‘climate-smart’ agriculture 335

  • ‘climate-unfriendly’ land use 335

  • Clinton, Bill 530

  • CLRTAP (Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution) 177, 194, 236, 308, 310, 31112, 31314, 318

  • ‘club governance’ 198

  • clubs 2616

  • co-evolution 16, 17, 33

  • Cold War 73, 317, 390, 528, 529, 530

  • collaboration games 138

  • p. 548‘collective irrationality’ 85

  • Collier, S. J. 116

  • Common Fisheries Policy (EU) 370

  • Commoner, B. 9, 23

  • comparative case study approach 149

  • ‘comparative critical judgement’ 101

  • competition (policy diffusion mechanism) 449, 451

  • ‘competition state’ 242

  • ‘complex interdependence’ 135, 163

  • complexity 55, 59

  • Conca, K. 13

  • conceptual knowledge domain 167

  • ‘conflictive fragmentation’ 471

  • conspicuous consumption 9

  • Constanza, R. 376

  • constructivism and sociological institutionalism

    • and civil society 18990

    • defining 734

    • and global environmental politics 767

    • and international bureaucracies 209

    • and IR theories 73, 74, 77, 79

    • key findings 747

    • and norms 756, 77

    • outlook 779

    • and regimes 296, 2978, 299

    • topographic map of constructivist research 745

  • constructivist feminism 108, 109

  • consumerism 914, 465

  • Convention for the Preservation of Wild Animals, Birds and Fish in Africa (1900) 176

  • Convention on Conservation of Migratory

  • Species (1979) 323

  • Cook, J. 390

  • ‘cooperative fragmentation’ 471

  • coordination games 138

  • Copenhagen Accord (2009) 3523

  • Copenhagen Climate Change Conference (2009) 187, 193, 197, 207, 215, 216, 237, 276, 3523

  • Corell, E. 188

  • Cornwall Alliance for the Stewardship of

  • Creation 231

  • corporations 137

  • Costanza, R. 9

  • cost-benefit analysis (CBA) 816, 167

  • ‘Council of All Beings’ 90

  • courage 202

  • CPI (climate policy integration) 455, 4567, 458, 459

  • ‘creation spirituality’ 228

  • ‘crisp set’ QCA 1456

  • CRU (Climatic Research Unit) 215

  • Crutzen, P. 3, 16, 162

  • CSD (Commission on Sustainable Development) 2489, 251, 252, 290, 291, 292, 293, 457, 479

  • CSLF (Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum) 2634

  • CSP (concentrating solar power) 419, 421

  • CSR (corporate social responsibility) 49, 218, 219

  • CSTS (cross sectional time series) analysis 150, 1524

  • CTE (Committee on Trade and Environment) 539, 540

  • CTESS (CTE Special Sessions) 539, 540

  • ‘cultural meanings’ 180

  • CWA (Clean Water Act) 424, 431, 434

  • Daft, R. L. 201

  • Daly, K. L. 9

  • Darwin, Charles 92, 390

  • Dauvergne, P. 49

  • DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane) 308, 339, 342, 343

  • de Bougainville, Louis Antoine 390

  • ‘dead zones’ 412

  • Death, C. 115

  • deep ecology 8894

  • Deep Ecology Platform 89

  • Deetman, S. 123

  • defining global environmental governance 289

  • deliberative democracy 96, 979

  • deliberative policy analysis 96102

  • desertification 19, 106, 167, 195, 211, 243, 35662

  • DeSombre, E. R. 139

  • Devall, B. 88

  • Dewey, J. 168

  • Diehm, C. 92

  • Dimitrov, R. 299

  • Dinda, S. 152

  • Dingwerth, K. 989, 284

  • discounting 86

  • discourse analysis 96, 100101

  • distributional weighting 82, 86

  • Dobson, H. 264

  • Doha Ministerial Declaration (2001) 539

  • Doomsday Clock 176

  • Dowdeswell, E. 251

  • Dryzek, J. S. 978, 99, 100101, 266

  • Dudley, P. M. 84

  • ‘early Anthropocene’ thesis 34

  • ‘Earthcare’ 106

  • Earth Follies (book) 107

  • p. 549earth system governance 5, 6, 1621

  • Earth System Governance Project 19

  • Earth Summit see UN Conference on

  • Environment and Development (1992)

  • Easterly, W. 481

  • EBM (ecosystem-based management) 320, 392

  • Eckersley, R. 48, 78, 266, 332

  • ‘eco-disciplines’ 114

  • ‘ecojustice’ 228

  • ecological feminism 91, 105, 106, 109

  • ecological modernization 12, 62, 65, 115, 376, 464, 465, 523, 525

  • ‘ecological stewardship’ 78

  • ECOSOC (Economic and Social Council) 186, 2489, 252

  • ‘ecospiritualism’ 228, 229

  • ecosystem model 1757

  • EEA (European Environment Agency) 456

  • EEZs (exclusive economic zones) 368, 369, 3934

  • effectiveness

    • of clubs 2645

    • defining 4412

    • of environmental policy integration 4578

    • of integrated assessment modelling 120, 124

    • of international organizations 271

    • key findings 4425

    • of mega-conferences 2779

    • of Millennium Development Goals 481

    • of neoliberal institutionalism 136, 137, 139

    • of orchestration 493

    • outlook 4456

    • and poverty 524

    • of private environmental governance 285

    • of public–private partnerships 291, 293

    • of qualitative comparative analysis 145

    • of regimes 295, 297, 298, 300, 4416

    • of Sustainable Development Goals 481

    • and teaching global environmental governance 167

  • EFTA (European Free Trade Area) 384

  • Egan, D. 129

  • Ehrlich, P. 9, 23

  • EKC (Environmental Kuznets Curve) 152

  • Elders (global leaders group) 203, 204

  • Ellis, E. 24

  • EMAS (Eco-Management and Audit Scheme) 450

  • ‘embedded ecologism’ 262

  • emission trading schemes 3534

  • empirical feminism 1056, 109

  • emulation (policy diffusion mechanism) 449, 451

  • ‘energy revolution’ 416, 419, 420

  • Engels, F. 180

  • ENGOs (environmental non-governmental organizations) 75, 77, 129, 18590

    • see also NGOs (non-governmental organizations)

  • environment and nature

    • and Anthropocene 246, 27

    • defining 223

    • and feminism 106, 108

    • and governmentality 113

    • and green economy 465

    • and health 515

    • key findings 236

    • and mega-conferences 276

    • and neoliberal institutionalism 136, 138

    • outlook 268

    • and world society 181

  • Environment Fund (UN) 2512

  • Environmental Defense Fund 185

  • environmental diplomacy 1945

  • Environmental Impact Assessments 86

  • environmental multilateralism 978

  • environmental P&L (profit and loss) account 203

  • Environmental Policy Convergence in Europe project 151

  • environmental policy diffusion 44752

  • environmental policy integration (EPI) 4549

  • environmental protection models 17580

  • ‘environmental utilization space’ 42

  • ‘environmentality’ 11314, 115

  • ENVSEC (Environment and Security Initiative) 530, 531

  • EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) costbenefit analysis 83

  • EPI (Environmental Performance Index) 143, 151

  • epistemic authority 235, 2368

  • epistemic communities 235

  • equity weighting 82, 86

  • ETC (Erosion, Technology and Concentration) Group 465

  • ETS (European Trading Scheme) 501

  • EU ETS (European Union Emissions Trading Scheme) 129, 130, 194

  • Euractiv (newsletter) 307, 313

  • European Union (EU)

    • and air pollution 307, 30814

    • and biosafety and genetically modified

    • organisms 3314

    • and chemicals 339, 344

    • and civil society 189

    • and climate change 187, 193, 195, 1968

    • defining 1923

    • and deliberative policy analysis 98

    • p. 550and effectiveness of environmental goals 4445

    • and environmental diplomacy 1945

    • environmental leadership 1957

    • and environmental policy diffusion 450

    • and environmental policy integration 454, 4556, 458

    • expansion of 1934, 198

    • and fisheries and whaling 370

    • and green economy 462

    • and hazardous waste 382, 384

    • key findings 1937

    • and liberal environmentalism and governance norms 489

    • and Neo-Gramscianism 129

    • and oceans 391

    • and orchestration 4889, 490, 491

    • outlook 1978

    • and renewable energy 418

    • and security 5312

    • and states 244

    • and teaching global environmental

    • governance 167

    • and trade 538

    • and wetlands 434, 435

  • evolution, theory of 92

  • exclusion, drivers of 3940

  • ‘extended state’ 128, 129, 132

  • extreme weather events 51314

  • Exxon Valdez oil spill (1989) 85

  • factual knowledge domain 167

  • Falkenmark, M. 423

  • Falkner, R. 245

  • FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) 40, 324, 327, 342, 361, 369, 373, 408, 4267, 505, 508

  • Farman, J. C. 399

  • Faude, B. 471, 472

  • FBOs (faith-based organizations) 225, 227, 228, 230

  • FDI (foreign direct investment) 1534, 221, 361

  • feminism 9091, 1049, 465

  • FIFA (International Federation of Association Football) 219

  • Fighting Climate Change: Human Solidarity in

  • a Divided World (report) 530

  • Fighting for Hope (book) 105

  • Finkelstein, L. S. 29

  • Finnemore, M. 206, 209

  • First World Climate Conference (1979) 250

  • ‘first-best worlds’ model 12022, 123

  • Fish Stocks Agreement (1995) 365

  • Fisher, D. R. 189

  • Fisher, F. 101

  • fisheries and whaling 36471, 505

  • FiT (feed-in tariff) policy 417

  • FLA (Fair Labor Association) 283

  • Flood Control Act (USA, 1936) 823

  • food 53, 162, 419, 465, 50410, 512, 513, 525

  • ‘food security’ 505, 5089

  • ‘food sovereignty’ 505, 50910

  • ‘food systems’ 5045, 5069

  • Ford, L. H. 128, 129

  • Foreign Affairs (journal) 319

  • Forest Stewardship Council 20

  • Forester, J. 101

  • forestry

    • and agriculture 499

    • defining 3734

    • and feminism 106

    • and food 506

    • and institutional fragmentation 472

    • key findings 3747

    • and liberal environmentalism and

    • governance norms 48, 49

    • and mega-conferences 278

    • outlook 3778

    • and private sector 222

    • and renewable energy 419

    • and scientists and experts 234

  • Foucauldian constructivism 745

  • Foucault, M. 100, 11113, 114, 235

  • Fox, W. 8991

  • Friends of the Earth 23, 187, 189

  • FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) 190, 222, 283, 284

  • ‘functional regime theory’ 137

  • Future Earth initiative 238

  • ‘fuzzy set’ QCA 146

  • FWF (Fare Ware Foundation) 283

  • G7 (Group of 7) 261, 262, 264

  • G8 (Group of 8) 261, 262, 263, 2645, 266

  • G20 (Group of 20) 261, 2623, 2645, 266, 470, 489, 491

  • G77 (Group of 77) 36, 41, 243, 326, 480

  • GA (UN General Assembly) 248

  • Gabcikovo-Nagymaros case (1997) 63

  • Gabriel, P. 204

  • Gale, F. 130

  • game theory 1356, 138, 139, 146, 156

  • Gandhi, I. 478

  • GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) 535, 536

  • GDI (Gender Development Index) 521

  • GEF (Global Environment Facility) 151, 249, 253, 323, 326, 343, 353, 359, 361, 48990, 491

  • p. 551Gehring, T. 472, 536

  • gender 1045, 1067, 1089, 5223

  • gender order 104, 108

  • gender power 104, 107, 109

  • ‘general theory of second best’ 85

  • Geneva Protocol 309

  • geothermal technologies 41920

  • GGGI (Global Green Growth Institute) 254

  • GHGs (Greenhouse gases) 198, 347, 349, 35051, 353, 354, 458, 499501, 506, 509

  • GHS (Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals) 3412

  • Gill, R. 100

  • Glasser, H. 90, 912

  • Gleneagles Dialogue 262

  • ‘global carbon cycle’ 114

  • global chemical governance 3389, 3414

  • Global Climate Coalition 220

  • Global Competitiveness Report 151

  • ‘global cooling’ 21516

  • Global Environment Outlook reports (UN) 119, 271

  • Global Environmental Politics (journal) 151

  • Global Ministerial Environment Forum 252

  • ‘globalized state’ 241, 2445

  • GMOs (genetically modified organisms)

    • see biosafety and genetically modified organisms

  • Gnacadja, L. 361

  • Goertz, G. 150

  • Gold Standard (World Wide Fund for Nature) 64

  • Goodin, R. E. 97

  • GOOS (Global Ocean Observing System) 395

  • Gorbachev, Mikhail 317

  • Gore, Al 530

  • Gorg, C. 131

  • Gothenburg Protocol (1999) 310, 311, 312, 31314

  • Gottlieb, R. S. 227

  • ‘governance networks’ 289

  • governance norms see liberal environmentalism and governance norms

  • governmentality 11117, 190

  • GPPNs (global public policy networks) 21920

  • Gramsci, A. 1278, 130, 131

  • Green Belt Movement 105, 230

  • ‘green capitalism’ 466

  • Green Development Fund 353

  • green economy

    • and consumerism 10

    • defining 4612

    • and environmental policy integration 455

    • key findings 4625

    • and liberal environmentalism and

    • governance norms 4950

    • and Neo-Gramscianism 12930

    • outlook 4657

    • and poverty 524

    • and renewable energy 417

    • and sustainable development 61, 656

    • and United Nations 254

  • ‘green governmentality’ 11314

  • ‘green grabbing’ 524

  • ‘green neoliberalism’ 523

  • ‘green state’ agenda 245

  • Green, J. F. 286

  • Greenberg, J. 201

  • ‘greenhouse effect’ 348, 350

  • ‘greening’ of development organizations 2534

  • ‘greening’ of religious movements 225, 229, 231

  • Greenpeace 23, 186, 187, 189, 319, 382

  • GRI (Global Reporting Initiative) 221, 489, 490, 491

  • ‘grid-parity’ 420

  • Grim, J. 231

  • Grotius, H. 367, 368

  • GSPD (Global Sustainability Partnerships Database) 292

  • GSW (Global Soil Week) 361

  • Gupta, A. 48, 335

  • GVEP (Global Village Energy Partnership) 292

  • GWP (global warming potential) 402

  • Haas, P. M. 235, 236, 299

  • Habermasian constructivism 74

  • Haenlein, M. 213

  • Haff, P. 24

  • Haggerty, J. H. 116

  • Hahn, R. W. 84

  • Hajer, M. 100, 101

  • Hamilton, C. 4

  • ‘hard law’ 445

  • Hargreaves, T. 116

  • Harris, L. 107

  • Harrison, M. 203

  • Hasenclever, A. 137

  • Hay, P. 91

  • hazardous substances/waste 33940, 341, 38087, 514

  • ‘hazards’ 53

  • HCFCs (hydrochlorofluorocarbons) 401

  • HDI (Human Development Index) 41, 64, 521

  • health

    • and consumerism 9, 13

    • defining 51213

    • and governmentality 112

    • p. 552and green economy 465

    • and inclusive development 39

    • key findings 51316

    • and Millennium Development Goals 478

    • outlook 517

    • and poverty 523

    • and risk 53

    • and sustainable development 63

    • and trade 537

  • hegemony 33, 97, 1278, 12931, 132, 190, 242

  • Heinzerling, L. 85

  • Hekman, S. 109

  • Held, D. 358

  • HELI (Health and Environment Linkages Initiative) 516

  • Helm, C. 444

  • Helsinki Protocol (1985) 308

  • Hertin, J. 455

  • HFCs (hydrofluorocarbons) 401, 402

  • High Level Political Forums 50, 252, 272, 279, 491

  • Hironaka, A. 180, 452

  • Hiroshima 176

  • HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) 512, 513, 517

  • Hof, A. F. 122

  • Holdren, R. 9

  • ‘holistic’ constructivism 74, 75

  • Holocene 16, 24

  • Hovden, E. 454

  • Hovi, J. 445

  • human rights 32, 35, 4042, 64, 208, 385, 412, 424, 489, 490, 533

  • Human Rights Council (UN) 248

  • Humboldt, A. von 23

  • Humphrey, M. 91

  • Humrich, C. 474

  • Hurricane Katrina (2005) 107

  • ‘hybrid governance’ 244

  • IAASTD (International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge Science, Technology for Development) 237, 509

  • IASB (International Accounting Standards Board) 491

  • IASC (International Arctic Science Committee) 317

  • IASs (international accountability standards) 219

  • ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) 489

  • ICC (Inuit Circumpolar Conference) 317

  • ICCA (International Council of Chemical Associations) 34041

  • ICCM (International Conference on Chemicals Management) 342

  • ICES (International Council for the Exploration of the Sea) 366, 367, 370

  • ICJ (International Court of Justice) 248

  • IEA (International Energy Agency) 123, 137, 151, 261, 262, 264, 418, 420

  • IEG (international environmental governance) 269, 271

  • IFAD (International Fund for Agricultural Development) 508

  • IFDC (International Fertilizer Development Centre) 411

  • IGOs (intergovernmental organizations) 487, 488, 49091, 4923

  • IIASA (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) 442

  • ILA (International Law Association) 64

  • ILO (International Labour Organization) 339, 341, 521

  • IMF (International Monetary Fund) 187, 230, 262

  • IMO (International Maritime Organization) 383

  • IMPEL (Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental Law) 382

  • INC (International Negotiations on Climate Change) 350

  • inclusive development 3542, 61, 656

  • inclusive economics 37

  • inclusive growth 367, 389, 40, 42

  • inclusive risk governance 569

  • Indian Ocean tsunami (2004) 108

  • Indigenous Environmental Network 185

  • ‘indirect method of difference’ 142

  • ‘individual irrationality’ 85

  • individuals

    • and constructivism and sociological institutionalism 75

    • defining 200201

    • and earth system governance 19

    • and feminism 108

    • and governmentality 112, 114, 115

    • and inclusive development 35

    • and integrated assessment modelling 124

    • key findings 2014

    • and leadership 201, 202

    • outlook 2045

    • and world society 179

  • Indus Water Treaty (1960) 426

  • inequality, drivers of 3940

  • Inglehart, R. 1445

  • INGOs (international non-governmental organizations) see NGOs (nongovernmental organizations)

  • p. 553institutional fragmentation

    • and clubs 266

    • defining 46970

    • and effectiveness 445

    • effects of 4724

    • explanations of 4712

    • and international organizations 271, 273

    • key findings 47074

    • management of 474

    • mappings of 47071

    • and neoliberal institutionalism 139

    • outlook 4746

    • and planetary boundaries 5

    • and regimes 300

    • and renewable energy 418

    • and scientists and experts 238

  • institutionalization 489, 1756, 17980, 221, 276, 2789, 285, 342

  • integrated assessment modeling (IAM) 11925

  • intergovernmental bureaucracies 20

  • international bureaucracies 17, 20611, 270, 445

  • international organizations

    • and Anthropocene 6

    • and chemicals 344

    • and civil society 187

    • and clubs 264

    • and constructivism and sociological institutionalism 75

    • and cost-benefit analysis 83

    • defining 269

    • and international bureaucracies 206

    • key findings 26972

    • and mega-conferences 279

    • and Neo-Gramscianism 130

    • and neoliberal institutionalism 134

    • outlook 2723

    • and planetary boundaries 5, 6

    • and private environmental governance 286

    • and public–private partnerships 292

    • and regimes 296, 297

    • and teaching global environmental governance 167

    • and United Nations 254

  • International Regimes Database 298

  • International Union for the Conservation of Nature 177

  • ‘intersubjectivity’ 73

  • Inuit Circumpolar Council 317

  • IOMC (Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals) 341, 344

  • IOOS (Integrated Ocean Observing System) 395

  • IPAMs (integrated policy assessment models) 124

  • IPBES (Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services) 234

  • IPBES (International Panel on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services) 325, 326

  • IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change)

    • and Arctic 316

    • and civil society 188

    • and climate change 350, 352, 353

    • and forestry 373, 375

    • and governmentality 114

    • and health 515

    • and integrated assessment modelling 119, 122

    • and media 213, 215

    • and phosphorus 413

    • and quantitative comparative analysis 151

    • and scientists and experts 234, 2367, 238

    • and security 530

    • and water 426

  • IPEEC (International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation) 262

  • IPEN (International POPs Elimination Network) 340

  • IPGs (indigenous peoples’ groups) 318

  • IPRs (intellectual property rights) 3234, 327

  • IR (international relations) theory

    • and constructivism and sociological institutionalism 73, 74, 77, 79

    • and deliberative policy analysis 97

    • and international bureaucracies 208

    • and neoliberal institutionalism 134, 135, 13940

    • and regimes 2956

    • and scientists and experts 235

    • and states 241, 242

    • and teaching global environmental governance 161, 167

  • IRD (International Regimes Database) 143, 145, 298, 443, 444

  • IRENA (International Renewable Energy Agency) 137, 418, 420, 472

  • IRGC (International Risk Governance Council) 567

  • Islamic Foundation for Ecology and Environmental Sciences 231

  • ISO (International Standardization Organization) 284

  • ITTO (International Tropical Timber Organization) 374

  • IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) 491

  • p. 554IWC (International Whaling Commission) 76, 244, 366, 3689, 441

  • IWRM (integrated water resource management) 428

  • Jacob, K. 456

  • Jacobsen, H. 442

  • Jasanoff, S. 335

  • JMP (Joint Monitoring Programme) 483

  • Johannesburg partnerships 98

  • Jordan, A. 84, 276, 454, 4567

  • Jörgens, H. 450

  • Joseph, J. 116

  • JPOI (Johannesburg Plan of Action) 290, 341, 480

  • judicial decisions 332

  • Juran, L. 108

  • juristic modeling 1589

  • ‘just so’ stories 1567

  • La Via Campesina (peasant movement) 505

  • Lafferty, W. M. 454

  • Lancaster, K. 85

  • Lang, A. T. F. 296

  • Lavenex, S. 194

  • LDCs (least developed countries) 36, 41, 98, 243, 245

  • Leach, M. 106

  • learning (policy diffusion mechanism) 449, 451

  • legitimacy 2021, 96, 97, 989, 102, 2645

  • Legro, J. W. 78

  • Lenschow, A. 454, 456, 457

  • Leopold, A. 23

  • Lesage, D. 264

  • Levy, D. L. 1289, 130, 131, 132

  • liberal environmentalism and governance norms 4551, 540

  • Lim, S. 154

  • Lipschutz, R. 185

  • Lipsey, R. G. 85

  • Lisbon Treaty (2009) 197

  • Lister, J. 49

  • Livermore, M. 84

  • Loots, L. 106

  • Lorenzoni, I. 84

  • Lövbrand, E. 50, 98, 114

  • Luhmann, N. 59

  • Luke, T. W. 113

  • Luther, M. 227

  • MA (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment) 234, 322, 356

  • Maathai, W. 105

  • McGee, J. 473

  • McKay, D. 417

  • McKibben, Bill 24

  • Mahoney, J. 150

  • Mandela, Nelson 204

  • Maniates, M. 1112, 13

  • Mare clausum (closed sea) 3678, 390, 392

  • Mare liberum (free sea) 367, 368, 393

  • Marrakesh Agreement (1994) 538

  • Marsh, G. P. 3

  • Martens, J. 289

  • Marxism 127

  • Maslow, S. 78

  • ‘mass common sense’ 77

  • material feminism 1068, 109

  • Matt, E. 130

  • ‘maximum sustainable yield’ 365

  • MBIs (market-based instruments) 499

  • Meadows, D. 9, 14

  • MEAs (Multilateral Environmental Agreements) 195, 249, 25051, 266, 342, 343, 442, 535, 53641

  • p. 555MED POL Programme 236

  • media 21316, 225, 275, 420

  • MEF (Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate) 263, 265

  • mega-conferences 27580, 295

  • MEM (Major Economies Meeting) 263, 265

  • Merchant, C. 106

  • Mert, A. 114

  • metacognitive knowledge domain 167

  • ‘method of difference’ 1412

  • Metzner, R. 91

  • Meunier, S. 473

  • Meyer, J. 74

  • Mickwitz, P. 457

  • Mies, M. 106

  • Miles, E. 442, 443, 444

  • Mill, J. S. 1412, 145

  • Millennium Declaration (2000) 291, 479, 482

  • Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

    • defining 4789

    • end of 254, 255

    • and health 512, 516

    • and inclusive development 41

    • key findings 47983

    • and liberal environmentalism 5051

    • and mega-conferences 279

    • outlook 4834

    • and poverty 521

    • and public–private partnerships 291, 292

    • research findings 4813

    • and states 243

    • and sustainable development 64, 67

    • and water 424

  • Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005) 119, 524

  • Millstone, E. 334

  • Minamata Convention (2013) 343, 381

  • ‘Minamata disease’ 339

  • Mitchell, R. B. 78, 137, 145, 235, 298, 442

  • MNEs (multinational enterprises) 153

  • Model UN (United Nations) simulations 156, 158

  • model-based scenario approaches 11920

  • modernization theories 12, 36, 62, 65, 115, 376, 520, 5235

  • Montreal Protocol (1987) 253, 271, 350, 400401, 402, 403, 5378

  • ‘monument complex’ 85

  • more-than-human worlds 22, 24, 25

  • MPAs (marine protected areas) 392

  • MSC (Marine Stewardship Council) 20, 190, 283, 371

  • Muir, J. 23, 26

  • ‘multilateralism light’ 264

  • Murray, Sir John 390

  • Mussolini, Benito 127

  • Naess, A. 8890, 923

  • Nagasaki 176

  • Nagel, J. 107, 108

  • Nagoya Protocol (2010) 243, 322, 325, 327, 474

  • Nakamura, A. 78

  • Nasiritousi, N. 101

  • NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) 531, 532

  • ‘natural capital’ 36, 39, 62, 462, 464

  • natural disasters 55, 93, 514

  • NCDs (non-communicable diseases) 513, 515, 517

  • NEC (National Emission Ceilings) Directive 310

  • ‘negative’ sovereignty 241

  • Neighbourhood Policy (EU, 2004) 194

  • Neo-Gramscianism 12732, 190, 284

  • neoliberal institutionalism 76, 78, 13440, 296, 2979, 300, 472, 475

  • ‘networked governance’ 98

  • ‘new institutionalism’ 135

  • New International Economic Order 520

  • New International Legal Order 356

  • Newell, P. 46, 49, 1289, 130, 131, 132, 188, 334

  • NGOs (non-governmental organizations)

    • and Arctic 316, 317, 318

    • and chemicals 340, 342

    • and civil society 18590

    • and clubs 261

    • and deliberative policy analysis 97, 98

    • and desertification 359

    • and feminism 105

    • and forestry 375

    • and governmentality 115

    • and hazardous waste 382, 385

    • and institutional fragmentation 473

    • and media 216

    • and mega–conferences 276

    • and neoliberal institutionalism 139

    • and orchestration 488, 48991

    • and private environmental governance 2823, 284

    • and private sector 221, 223

    • and renewable energy 418

    • and states 242

    • and world society 177, 180

  • Niagara Falls power plant 416

  • Nilsson, L. J. 458

  • Nilsson, M. 120, 456, 458

  • NIMBY (‘not in my backyard’) attitudes 426

  • nitrogen oxides 3078, 309, 31011, 313

  • p. 556NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) 86

  • normative issues in global environmental governance 32

  • norms 756, 77

  • North American Free Trade Agreement (1994) 535

  • North Sea Fisheries Convention (1882) 366

  • NSMD (non-state market-driven) governance systems 220, 222

  • NSR (Northern Sea Route) 316

  • NSS (National Security Strategy) 532

  • Nussbaum, M. 521

  • Nye, J. S. 135

  • OAU (Organization of African Unity) 384

  • Obama, Barack 352, 355, 532

  • Oberthür, S. 474

  • Ocean space 165, 38896

  • Oceans Compact 396

  • ODSs (ozone-depleting substances) 343, 399, 400401, 402, 403

  • OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development)

    • and agriculture 501

    • and biosafety and genetically modified

    • organisms 335

    • and climate change 349

    • and clubs 261

    • and cost-benefit analysis 83

    • and environmental policy integration 456, 459

    • and green economy 4623

    • and hazardous waste 382, 384, 387

    • and inclusive development 41

    • and integrated assessment modelling 119

    • and international bureaucracies 207

    • and liberal environmentalism and

    • governance norms 467

    • and public–private partnerships 292

    • and quantitative comparative analysis 151

    • and states 242, 244, 245

  • Oels, A. 114

  • OES (Ocean Energy Systems Implementing Agreement) 420

  • O-I-T (orchestrator, intermediary, target) model 487

  • Okereke, C. 129, 130, 131

  • ‘old fashioned’ environmentalism 245

  • ‘old institutionalism’ 135

  • Onuf, N. 73

  • OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) 243

  • Open-Ended Working Group 383

  • orchestration 286, 419, 474, 475, 48793

  • Orsini, A. 472, 4734

  • OSCE (Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe) 531

  • Oslo Protocol (1994) 309

  • Ostrom, E. 31

  • outlook for global environmental governance 33

  • OWG (Open Working Group) 479, 480

  • ozone depletion

    • and civil society 188

    • and climate change 347, 350

    • defining 3989

    • and governmentality 113

    • and institutional fragmentation 470

    • key findings 399401

    • outlook 4013

    • and planetary boundaries 3

    • and private sector 221

    • and qualitative comparative analysis 142

    • and regimes 299

    • and scientists and experts 234

    • and teaching global environmental governance 162

    • and trade 5378

  • PAN (Pesticides Action Network) 340

  • Pardo, A. 395

  • Pareto efficiency 81, 85, 138

  • Pareto-optimal outcomes 138

  • Pasek, J. 85

  • ‘passive revolution’ 128

  • ‘pastoral power’ 111

  • Paterson, M. 46, 49, 115, 136

  • Pattberg, P. 284

  • Payne, R. 97, 99

  • ‘peak oil’ discourse 416

  • Peale, N. V. 201

  • Pearce, D. W. 83

  • PEER (Partnership for European Environmental Research) 458

  • Penttilä, R. 264, 265

  • Persson, A. 456

  • PES (Payment for Ecosystem Services) 524

  • PHARE (Poland and Hungary: Aid for Reconstruction of the Economy) program 193

  • Philip, Prince 230

  • phosphorus 162, 40413

  • PIC (prior informed consent) 342, 381, 383, 385

  • Piccard, J. 390

  • Pinchot, G. 23

  • planetary boundaries 37

  • Plumwood, V. 91, 1067, 108

  • ‘policy-relevant’ knowledge 234

  • p. 557political CSR (corporate social responsibility) 219

  • ‘polluter pays’ principle 45, 47, 501

  • polycentric approach 30, 31, 255, 475, 492

  • POPs (persistent organic pollutants) 308, 313, 340, 343

  • ‘positive’ sovereignty 241

  • ‘post-colonial states’ 241, 245

  • Potential Pareto efficiency 81, 85

  • Potsdam School 444

  • poverty

    • and climate change 349

    • defining 51920

    • and governmentality 112

    • key findings 52024

    • and Millennium Development Goals 478

    • outlook 525

    • and private environmental governance 285

    • and renewable energy 417

    • and security 530

    • and sustainable development 64, 66

  • Pożarowska, J. 474

  • PPMs (production and processing methods) 537

  • Prakash, X. 153

  • PRI (Principles for Responsible Investment) 489, 490, 491

  • PRIDE model 124

  • Princen, T. 13

  • principal–agent theory 2089, 270, 487

  • ‘principled priority’ 454

  • ‘prisoner’s dilemma’ game 1356, 138

  • private environmental governance 30, 218219, 2816

  • private sector

    • and clubs 263

    • and constructivism and sociological institutionalism 75

    • and consumerism 9

    • defining 21820

    • and deliberative policy analysis 99

    • key findings 22022

    • and liberal environmentalism and governance norms 47

    • and mega-conferences 277, 279

    • outlook 2223

    • and poverty 523

    • and public–private partnerships 289

  • procedural conditions 99

  • procedural knowledge domain 167

  • Project 88 (USA) 47

  • property rights 407, 433

  • ‘public–private hybrid organizations’ 273

  • public–private partnerships (PPPs)

    • and clubs 261

    • defining 289

    • and deliberative policy analysis 98

    • and earth system governance 20

    • and green economy 464

    • and institutional fragmentation 469

    • key findings 28992

    • and liberal environmentalism and governance norms 47

    • major research findings 2912

    • and orchestration 488

    • outlook 293

    • and renewable energy 418

  • role/relevance in global environmental governance 28991, 293

  • Puma (sportswear manufacturer) 2023

  • PV (photovoltaic) effect 416, 417, 418, 419, 421

  • qualitative comparative analysis 1417, 475

  • quantitative comparative analysis 14854, 475

  • ‘quasi-states’ 241

  • Ragin, C. C. 1456

  • Ramsar Convention on Wetlands (1971) 323, 431, 4334, 435, 436

  • randomized experiments 149

  • REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals) regulation 344

  • Reagan administration 289

  • REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Land Degradation) 115, 3267, 353, 3757

  • REEEP (Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership) 292, 418

  • ‘regime theory’ 297

  • regimes

    • and Anthropocene 6

    • and clubs 264, 266

    • and constructivism and sociological institutionalism 78

    • and cost-benefit analysis 83

    • defining 135, 2957

    • and deliberative policy analysis 97, 99

    • and earth system governance 19

    • effectiveness of 4416

    • and environmental policy integration 457

    • and feminism 108

    • and hazardous waste 381

    • and institutional fragmentation 470, 473

    • and integrated assessment modelling 124

    • key findings 297300

    • and mega–conferences 279

    • and Neo-Gramscianism 130

    • p. 558and neoliberal institutionalism 135, 1367, 139

    • outlook 300301

    • and planetary boundaries 6

    • and qualitative comparative analysis 143, 145

    • and simulations 160

    • and states 242

    • and teaching global environmental

    • governance 163, 167

    • and trade 5356

    • and world society 177, 17880

  • Regulatory Impact Assessment 83

  • Reinalda, B. 206

  • REIO (Regional Economic Integration Organization) 195

  • Reitig, K. 455

  • relational thinking 923

  • religious movements 22531

  • Renda, A. 84

  • renewable energy

    • and clubs 262

    • defining 41617

    • and governmentality 115

    • and green economy 465

    • and institutional fragmentation 472

    • and integrated assessment modelling 124

    • key findings 41720

    • outlook 42021

    • and public–private partnerships 291

  • Renn, O. 57

  • RESMOs (religious environmental social movement organizations) 228, 23031

  • RESs (renewable energy sources) 416, 42021

  • Reus-Smit, C. 73, 74

  • ‘revealed-preference’ techniques 82

  • Revesz, R. 84

  • Riahi, K. 122

  • Rio Declaration on Environment and Development (1992) 47, 48, 49, 50, 63, 64, 253

  • Rio Summit see UN Conference on Environment and Development (1992)

  • Rio+10 Conference see World Summit on Sustainable Development (2002)

  • Rio+20 Conference see UN Conference on Sustainable Development (2012)

  • risk 539, 93, 109, 112, 513

  • risk assessment 535, 167, 333, 536

  • risk escalator 58

  • risk governance 54, 569

  • Risk Society (essay) 59

  • Risse, T. 241

  • Roads from Rio+20 (study) 123

  • Rockström, J. 3, 5

  • Rolling Stone (magazine) 88

  • Rosenau, J. N. 29, 281

  • Rotterdam Convention 342, 381

  • Ruggie, J. G. 75, 296

  • Russel, D. 455, 4567, 458

  • Sachs, J. 481

  • Sachsman, D. B. 213

  • Sagoff, M. 85

  • SAICM (Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management) 342, 343, 344

  • Samhat, N. 97, 99

  • Sandel, M. 27

  • Santa Catarina (ship) 3923

  • SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) 490, 512, 516

  • SBNR (‘spiritual but not religious’) 226

  • Schout, A. 456

  • scientific uncertainty 55, 59

  • scientists and experts

    • and climate change 234, 236, 237, 238

    • defining 2346

    • and earth system governance 17, 20

    • and epistemic authority 235, 2368

    • key findings 2367

    • and mega-conferences 277

    • outlook 2379

    • and religious movements 225

    • and states 242

  • Scitovsky, T. 85

  • Scoones, I. 334

  • SDSN (Sustainable Development Solutions Network) 482

  • Seager, J. 107

  • Secretariats of the Agreement on the Conservation of Populations of European Bats 209

  • security

  • Security Council (UN) 248

  • SEDAC (Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center) 151

  • Segerberg, A. 21415

  • Selden, J. 3678

  • Sen, A. 201, 202, 521

  • Serrão, S. 392

  • p. 559Sessions, G. 88, 89

  • Seyfang, G. 276

  • SFM (sustainable forest management) 375

  • ‘shadow’ values 82

  • Shah, J. 204

  • Shared Policy Assumptions 1223, 124

  • Shared Socio-Economic Pathways 122, 124

  • Shiva, V. 105, 106

  • Siebenhüner, B. 206, 445

  • Silent Spring (book) 105, 339

  • simulations 146, 15660, 168

  • Singh, N. M. 116

  • single case study approach 149

  • Single European Act (1986) 455

  • Slaughter, S. 265

  • SMOs (social movement organizations) 2278

  • Snidal, D. 474

  • social media 213, 214, 216

  • social movements 186

  • social practices 100

  • socio-ecological systems 17, 19, 27, 31, 388, 4667, 524

  • ‘socio-evolutionary’ approach 129

  • sociological institutionalism see constructivism and sociological institutionalism

  • socio-political ambiguity 55, 59

  • Sofia Protocol 309

  • ‘soft law’ 250, 276, 282, 374, 445

  • Solana Report on Climate Change and International Security (2008) 531

  • Speth, J. G. 253

  • Sprinz, D. 444

  • SPS (Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standards Agreement) 33033

  • ‘stakeholder democracy’ 188

  • Stanford School 74

  • ‘stated-preference’ techniques 82

  • states

    • and constructivism and sociological institutionalism 75

    • and consumerism 9

    • defining 24042

    • and inclusive development 35

    • key findings 2424

    • and mega-conferences 275

    • and Neo-Gramscianism 128, 129, 132

    • outlook 245

    • and regimes 300

    • role of 2412

    • and teaching global environmental governance 167

  • Staub-Kaminski, I. 121, 124

  • Stein, A. 139

  • Steiner, A. 252

  • StEP (Solve the E-Waste Problem) 385

  • Stephan, B. 129, 130

  • Stern Review (2007) 834

  • Stevens, C. 235, 236

  • Stevenson, H. 978, 99, 101, 266

  • ‘stewardship’ 17, 226, 228, 231, 355

  • Stockholm Conference/Declaration (1972) 46, 249, 250

  • Stockholm Convention (2004) 343, 381

  • Stoermer, E. 16

  • Stokke, O. S. 1456, 320, 443, 474

  • Stone, M. 49

  • storyline-based scenarios 1223

  • Stripple, J. 115

  • strong sustainability 612, 67

  • Strong, M. 250

  • structure of global environmental governance 31

  • STS (science and technology studies) 2356, 238

  • ‘substantial equivalence’ 331

  • ‘sucker’s payoff’ 136, 139

  • sulfur dioxide 3078, 309, 31011

  • ‘summit fatigue’ 279

  • sustainable development

    • and Arctic 319, 320

    • and civil society 187, 188

    • and climate change 349, 350, 353, 355

    • and constructivism and sociological institutionalism 76

    • and consumerism 10, 12

    • defining 612

    • and desertification 3589, 3612

    • and development 634

    • and earth system governance 16

    • and environmental policy integration 457, 459

    • evolution of 61

    • and forestry 375

    • and green economy 61, 656, 461, 463, 464, 465

    • and health 515, 516

    • implementation of 65

    • and inclusive development 61, 656

    • indicators 64

    • and integrated assessment modelling 119, 123

    • and international organizations 269, 272

    • key findings 626

    • and liberal environmentalism and

    • governance norms 46, 47, 48, 4951

    • and mega-conferences 276, 277, 278, 279

    • outlook 667

    • policy development on 63

    • and poverty 521, 5234

    • p. 560and public–private partnerships 289, 29091, 292, 293

    • and scientists and experts 2345

    • and states 243

    • strong sustainability 612, 67

    • theory of 623

    • and United Nations 2489, 250, 2523, 255

    • weak sustainability 12, 612

  • Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

    • defining 4789

    • and desertification 361

    • and environmental policy integration 457, 459

    • and health 516

    • and inclusive development 41, 42

    • key findings 47983

    • and liberal environmentalism 5051

    • outlook 4834

    • and poverty 521

    • and public–private partnerships 291

    • research findings 4812

    • and United Nations 255

  • ‘sustainable energy’ 41617, 482

  • Sustainable Energy—Without the Hot Air (book) 417

  • Swart, R. 350

  • SWIPA (Snow, Water, Ice, Permafrost in the Arctic) 319

  • ‘synergistic fragmentation’ 471

  • TAO (Tropical Atmosphere Ocean) 395

  • Taylor, B. 231

  • teaching global environmental governance

    • and biophysical changes 162

    • course content overview 1657

    • course objectives 16970

    • course sample used 1713

    • defining 1613

    • global course overview 1645

    • key findings 1648

    • knowledge domains/sources 1678

    • outlook 168

  • TEEB (The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity) 84, 361

  • ‘teleconnections’ 6

  • ‘telecoupling’ 6

  • Tetlock, P. C. 84

  • TFAP (Tropical Forestry Action Plan) 374

  • Thatcher administration 289

  • The Death of Nature (book) 106

  • The Future We Want (report) 515

  • Theory of International Politics (book) 135

  • Thoreau, H. D. 23

  • Three Gorges Dam (China) 418, 427

  • Tickner, A. 107

  • Tolba, M. 250

  • Töpfer, K. 252, 361

  • trade

    • and clubs 266

    • and consumerism 11

    • defining 5345

    • and food 505

    • and hazardous waste 385, 3867

    • and health 514

    • and inclusive development 35, 41

    • and institutional fragmentation 473

    • key findings 53540

    • and liberal environmentalism and

    • governance norms 45, 48

    • outlook 54041

    • and regimes 296

    • and teaching global environmental

    • governance 165

  • ‘tragedy of the commons’ game 168, 364

  • transaction costs 1378

  • ‘transgenic’ crops 32930, 3312, 335

  • ‘trickle down’ effect 36, 179, 520

  • Trondal, J. 206

  • Tuana, N. 107

  • Tucker, M. E. 231

  • UN Climate Change Conference (2015) 355

  • UN Conference on Environment and Development (1992)

    • and civil society 185, 187, 188

    • and climate change 350

    • and consumerism 9

    • and desertification 357, 359

    • and establishment of CSD 2489

    • and feminism 105

    • and forestry 375

    • and liberal environmentalism 47

    • and mega-conferences 276, 277, 278

    • and oceans 394

    • and poverty 523

    • and trade 540

    • and UNDP 253

  • UN Conference on Sustainable Development (2012)

    • and civil society 187

    • and green economy 461, 464

    • and health 515, 516

    • and international organizations 272

    • and liberal environmentalism 47, 49, 50

    • and mega-conferences 276, 278, 279

    • and ‘organizational greening’ 254

    • and planetary boundaries 5

    • and public–private partnerships 291

    • and restructuring of UN institutions 252

    • p. 561and Sustainable Development Goals 4789, 480

  • UN Conference on the Human Environment (1972) 46, 270, 276, 277, 278, 323, 478, 523

  • UN Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses (1997) 4289

  • UNCCD (United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification) 188, 211, 3578, 35962, 375

  • UNCLOS (United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea) 318, 319, 365, 3934, 3956

  • UNCOD (United Nations Conference on Desertification) 357

  • UNCTAD (UN Conference on Trade and Development) 47

  • Underdal, A. 4434, 475

  • UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) 248, 2534, 343, 405, 53031

  • UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme)

    • and chemicals 339, 340, 342

    • and desertification 357

    • and effectiveness of environmental goals 4423

    • effects of programs 255

    • and environmental policy integration 457, 459

    • and European Union 194

    • expansion of 251

    • and green economy 462

    • and ‘greening’ of development organizations 2534

    • and integrated assessment modelling 119

    • and international organizations 269, 27072

    • and mega-conferences 278, 279

    • and orchestration 489, 490, 491

    • and phosphorus 408

    • power of 25051

    • and religious movements 230

    • role of 248, 249, 25051, 2523

    • and scientists and experts 236

    • and security 530

    • and states 243

    • and world society 177

  • UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) 357, 395

  • UNFCCC (UN Framework Convention on Climate Change)

    • and addressing climate change 347, 349, 35051

    • and agriculture 502

    • and clubs 263, 265

    • and deliberative policy analysis 98, 101

    • and desertification 359

    • and European Union 195, 196, 197, 198

    • and forestry 375, 377

    • and governmentality 114, 115

    • and green economy 463

    • and health 515

    • and institutional fragmentation 473, 474

    • p. 562and liberal environmentalism 48

    • and media 216

    • and mega-conferences 278

    • and phosphorus 408

    • and regimes 301

    • and religious movements 230

    • and security 531

    • and sustainable development 63

    • and trade 538, 539

  • UNFF (United Nations Forum on Forests) 375

  • UNITAR (United Nations Institute for Training and Research) 164

  • United Nations (UN)

    • and agriculture 502

    • and air pollution 307

    • and Arctic 318

    • and biological diversity 322, 3234, 3267

    • and chemicals 339, 340, 341, 342

    • and civil society 185, 187, 188, 189

    • and climate change 347, 349, 35051

    • defining 2489

    • and desertification 3578, 35962

    • and effectiveness of environmental goals 443

    • and environmental policy diffusion 450

    • and environmental policy integration 457, 459

    • and feminism 105

    • and fisheries and whaling 365, 368, 369, 371

    • and food 508

    • and forestry 3745

    • and governmentality 113

    • and green economy 4612, 463, 464

    • and ‘greening’ of development organizations 2534

    • and health 515, 516, 517

    • and inclusive development 35

    • and institutional fragmentation 470, 473, 474

    • institutional reshuffling and coordination failures 2513

    • and international bureaucracies 207, 208, 211

    • and international organizations 269, 27072

    • key findings 25054

    • and liberal environmentalism and governance norms 45, 46, 47

    • and mega-conferences 2758

    • Millennium Development Goals see Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

    • and oceans 3934, 3956

    • and orchestration 489, 490

    • outlook 2545

    • and phosphorus 405, 4078, 413

    • and poverty 52021

    • and private environmental governance 283

    • and public–private partnerships 289, 29091, 292, 293

    • and regimes 297

    • and religious movements 225, 230

    • role of 248, 249, 25051

    • and scientists and experts 236, 238

    • and security 52931

    • and simulations 156

    • and states 242, 243

    • Sustainable Development Goals see Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

    • and teaching global environmental governance 164, 167

    • and trade 538, 539, 540

    • and water 424, 4267, 4289

    • and world society 177

  • UN World Summit on Sustainable Development (2002) 32, 478, 98, 115, 187, 28992, 480

  • UV (ultraviolet) radiation 3989, 402

  • Van Asselt, H. 48, 262, 473, 475

  • Van Bynkershoek, C. 393

  • Van de Graaf, T. 137, 472

  • Van Heemskerck, J. 3923

  • Van Zwanenberg, P. 334

  • Veblen, T. 9

  • Velders, G. J. M. 402

  • Vellinga, P. 350

  • Verbeek, B. 206

  • Victor, D. 442, 4712

  • Vienna Convention 236, 271, 400

  • Virgin Group 202, 2034

  • Virgin Unite (foundation) 2034

  • VOCs (volatile organic compounds) 307, 309, 310, 313

  • Vogler, J. 135

  • ‘voluntary simplicity movement’ 11

  • Vörösmarty, C. J. 423

  • Wagenaar, H. 101

  • Walsh, D. 390

  • Wapner, P. 12, 132

  • ‘war on terror’ 530

  • Warren, K. 91

  • Washington Consensus 134

  • water

    • and agriculture 499

    • and Arctic 316

    • and biological diversity 322

    • defining 4224

    • and feminism 107

    • and food 507

    • and green economy 463

    • and health 512, 513, 516

    • and inclusive development 35, 40

    • and individuals 204

    • key findings 4247

    • and liberal environmentalism and

    • governance norms 48, 50

    • and Millennium Development Goals 4812, 483

    • outlook 4279

    • and public–private partnerships 291

    • and quantitative comparative analysis 153

    • and renewable energy 418

    • and security 532

    • and simulations 157

    • and sustainable development 64

    • and teaching global environmental

    • governance 162

  • ‘water wars’ 4256, 532

  • watersheds 431, 4335

  • WCC (World Council of Churches) 230

  • WCD (World Commission on Dams) 418

  • weak sustainability 12, 612

  • Weber, M. 209, 241

  • WEDO (Women’s Environment and Development Organization) 105

  • Weeramantry, Justice 63

  • WEF (World Economic Forum) 151, 320

  • WEIRD (Western, educated, industrial, rich and democratic) societies 160

  • Weizsäcker, E. U. von 464

  • Welch, J. F. 201

  • Wendt, A. 75

  • WEO (World Environment Organization) 269, 272

  • Wetland Treaty 77

  • wetlands 138, 4316

  • WFD (Water Framework Directive) 434

  • WHO (World Health Organization) 327, 339, 341, 489, 490, 491, 512, 51416

  • ‘wicked’ problems 76, 163, 164, 168

  • WID (women in development) 522

  • Williams, R. 22, 26, 227

  • Williams, S. 93

  • Willoughby, J. 12

  • p. 563Wilson, E.O. 22, 26

  • Wilson, J. D. 2645

  • WOCCU (World Council of Credit Unions) 200

  • Wolf, A. 425

  • Wordsworth, William 23

  • ‘workspace’ 180

  • World Bank

    • and civil society 187

    • and clubs 262, 264

    • and deliberative policy analysis 97

    • engagement in environmental issues 2534

    • and environmental policy integration 457

    • and food 5089

    • and international bureaucracies 207, 209

    • and liberal environmentalism 47

    • and Millennium Development Goals 480

    • and orchestration 49091

    • and poverty 521, 524

    • and religious movements 230

    • and sustainable development 64

  • World Development Report 2008: Agriculture for Development (World Bank) 509, 523

  • World Food Programme 508

  • World Meteorological Organization 236

  • World of Our Making: Rules and Rule in Social Theory and International Relations (book) 73

  • World Phosphate Reserves and Resources (report) 411

  • World Politics (journal) 151

  • World Rainforest Movement 185

  • world society 158, 17581, 279

  • WTO (World Trade Organization)

    • and biological diversity 325, 327

    • and biosafety and genetically modified

    • organisms 33033

    • and environmental policy integration 457

    • established 535, 538

    • and fisheries and whaling 369

    • and institutional fragmentation 470, 472, 473

    • and liberal environmentalism 47

    • and phosphorus 408

    • purpose of 535

    • ‘quasi-regime’ properties 536

    • relationship with MEAs 53641

  • WTP (willingness to pay) 812, 85

  • WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature) 23, 64, 185, 190, 230