Encyclopedia of Private International Law
Show Less

Encyclopedia of Private International Law

Jürgen Basedow, Giesela Rühl, Franco Ferrari and Pedro de Miguel Asensio

The role and character of Private International Law has changed tremendously over the past decades. With the steady increase of global and regional inter-connectedness the practical significance of the discipline has grown. Equally, so has the number of legislative activities on the national, international and, most importantly, the European level. With a world-class editor team, 500 content items and authorship from almost 200 of the world’s foremost scholars, the Encyclopedia of Private International Law is the definitive reference work in the field. 57 different countries are represented by authors who shed light on the current state of Private International Law around the globe, providing unique insights into the discipline and how it is affected by globalization and increased regional integration. The Encyclopedia consists of three inter-linked pillars, enhanced by sophisticated search and cross-linking functionality. The first pillar consists of A-Z coverage of the scope and substance of Private International Law in the form of 247 entries. The second pillar comprises detailed overviews of the Private International Law regimes of 80 countries. The third pillar presents valuable, and often unique, English language translations of the national codifications and Private International Law provisions of those countries. This invaluable combination represents a powerful research tool and an indispensable reference resource.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
This content is available to you

Abbreviations

Jürgen Basedow, Giesela Rühl, Franco Ferrari and Pedro de Miguel Asensio

A.2d

Atlantic Reporter 2nd Series

AAA

American Arbitration Association

ABA

American Bar Association

ABGBl.

Bundesgesetzblatt für die Republik Österreich (Official Journal of Austria)

AC

Law Reports, Appeal Cases, 3rd Series

AcP

Archiv für die civilistische Praxis

ACTA

Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement

AD

Anno Domini

p. xxxiiAD

South African Law Reports, Appellate Division

ADR

Alternative Dispute Resolution

ADSp.

Allgemeine Deutsche Spediteursbedingungen

AEDIPr

Anuario Español de Derecho Internacional Privado

A.F.D.I.

Annuaire Français de Droit International

AFNOR

Association française de normalisation

Afr J Int’l Comp L

African Journal of International and Comparative Law

AG

Advocate General

AG

Amtsgericht (Local Court, Germany)

AIPDIP

Interamerican Association of Private International Law Professors

AIPPI

Association Internationale pour la Protection de la Propriété Intellectuelle

AIPPI Journal

Journal of the Japanese Group of AIPPI

AIR

All India Reporter

AJP

Aktuelle Juristische Praxis

Al-Adl

Al-Adl Journal (Journal of the Beirut Bar)

Alb. L.J. Sci. & Tech.

Albany Law Journal of Science and Technology

ALER

American Law and Economics Review

ALI

American Law Institute

All ER

All England Law Reports

All ER (Comm)

All England Law Reports (Commercial Cases)

All NLR

All-Nigeria Law Reports

ALQ

Arab Law Quarterly

ALR

Australian Law Reports

ALR

Allgemeines Preußisches Landrecht (General Prussian Law of the Land)

Air & Space Law

Air and Space Law

Am.Bus.L.J.

American Business Law Journal

AMC

American Maritime Cases

Am.Econ.Rev.

American Economic Review

AMEDIP

Mexican Academy of Private International and Comparative Law

AMEX

American Stock Exchange

Am.J.Comp.L.

American Journal of Comparative Law

Am.J.Comp.L. Sup.

American Journal of Comparative Law (Supplement)

Am.J.Int’l L.

American Journal of International Law

Am. J. Legal Hist.

American Journal of Legal History

Am. Jurist & L. Mag.

American Jurist and Law Magazine

Am.Pol.Sc.Rev

American Political Science Review

Am.Rev.Int’l Arb.

American Review of International Arbitration

Am.U.Int’l L.Rev.

American University International Law Review

Am.U.J.Int’l L. & Pol’y

American University Journal of International Law and Policy

Am.U.L.Rev.

American University Law Review

An.Der.Mar.

Anuario de Derecho maritimo

Anglo-Am.L.R.

Anglo-American Law Review

Annals Am.Acad.Pol.& Soc.Sci.

Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science

Ann.Surv.Int’l & Comp.L.

Annual Survey of International and Comparative Law

A.P.D.

Archives de Philosophie du Droit

APLR

Asia Pacific Law Review

App

Court of Appeals

App Ct

Appeal Court

App. Div.

Appellate Division

App no

application no

approx.

approximately

Arb.

Arbitration

Arb.Int’l

Arbitration International

ARGBl

Reichsgesetzblatt für die im Reichsrath vertretenen Königreiche und Länder (former Official Journal of Austria)

Ariz.L.Rev.

Arizona Law Review

Ariz.St.L.J.

Arizona State Law Journal

Ark

Arkansas

art/arts

article/articles

Artif.Intell.Rev.

Artificial Intelligence Review

AS

Amtliche Sammlung des Bundesrechts (Switzerland)

ASADIP

American Association of Private International Law

ASDA SVLR Bulletin

Association Suisse de Droit Aérien et Spatial/Schweizerische Vereinigung für Luft- und Raumrecht Bulletin

ASEAN

Association of Southeast Asian Nations

Asian Y. B. Int’l L.

Asian Yearbook of International Law

ASIL PROC

American Society of International Law Proceedings

ATA

Asia Trustmark Alliance

ATF

Arrêts du Tribunal fédéral (Decisions of the Swiss Federal Supreme Court)

ATS

Australian Treaty Series

Aust Bar Rev

Australian Bar Review

Aust ILJ

Australian International Law Journal

Austr.Bus.L.Rev.

Australian Business Law Review

AustralianJ.Leg.Phil

Australian Journal of Legal Philosophy

AVR

Archiv des Völkerrechts

Az.J.Int’l & Comp.L.

Arizona Journal of International and Comparative Law

b2b

business to business

b2c

business to consumer

BAG

Bundesarbeitsgericht (German Federal Labour Court)

BAnz

Bundesanzeiger

b-Arbitra

Belgian Review of Arbitration

BauR

Zeitschrift für das gesamte öffentliche und zivile Baurecht

Baz

Baz Review (Review of the decisions of the Lebanese Court of Cassation)

BBl

Bundesblatt (Official Journal of Switzerland)

BC

Before Christ

BE

Buddhist Era

BeckOK-ZPO

Beck’scher Onlinekommentar zur Zivilprozessordnung

BeckRS

Beck-Rechtsprechung

BerDtGesVR

Berichte der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Völkerrecht

Berkeley J.Int’l L.

Berkeley Journal of International Law

BFH

Bundesfinanzhof (German Federal Fiscal Court)

BFHE

Entscheidungen des BFH (Decisions of the German Federal Fiscal Court)

BFLR

Banking & Finance Law Review

BGBl.

Bundesgesetzblatt (Official Journal of Germany)

BGE

Entscheidungen des Schweizerischen Bundesgerichts (Decisions of the Swiss Federal Supreme Court)

BGH

Bundesgerichtshof (German Federal Supreme Court)

BGHZ

Entscheidungen des Bundesgerichtshofs in Zivilsachen (Decisions of the German Federal Supreme Court)

BH

Publication of Judgments of the Kúria (Supreme Court of Hungary) and of the High Courts

BIICL

British Institute of International and Comparative Law

BIMCO

Baltic and International Maritime Council

BIRPI

United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property

BIT

Bilateral Investment Treaty

BJM

Basler Juristische Mitteilungen

BKR

Zeitschrift für Bank- und Kapitalmarktrecht

B/L

Bill of lading

B.L.I.

Business Law International

p. xxxiiiBPatG

Bundespatentgericht (German Federal Patent Court)

BO

Boletín Oficial (Official Journal of Argentina)

BOE

Boletín Oficial del Estado (Official Journal of Spain)

BOLERO

Bill of Lading Electronic Registry Organization

Bom LR

Bombay Law Reporter

BPR

Butterworths Property Reports

Brooklyn J.Int’l L.

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

BS

Bereinigte Sammlung der Bundesgesetze und Verordnungen 1848–1947 (former Official Journal of Switzerland)

BSozG

Bundessozialgericht (German Federal Court on Social Law)

Buff.L.Rev.

Buffalo Law Review

Bull.civ.

Bulletin des arrêts des chambres civiles de la Cour de Cassation

Bulletin

Bulletin des arrêts des chambre civiles

Bull.Lég.Comp.

Bulletin de la Société de Législation comparée

B.U.Int’l L.J.

Boston University International Law Journal

B.U.L.Rev.

Boston University Law Review

BVerfG

Bundesverfassungsgericht (German Federal Constitutional Court)

BVerfGE

Entscheidungen des Bundesverfassungsgerichts (Decisions of the German Federal Constitutional Court)

BYIL

British Yearbook of International Law

BYU L. Rev.

BYU Law Review

C:

Case number

c2c

consumer to consumer

c2b

consumer to business

CA

Court of Appeals

CA

Civil Appeal (Israel)

Cal

Calcutta

Cal.

Supreme Court of California

Cal.2d

California Reporter, 2nd Series

Cal.App.

California Court of Appeals

Cal.App.3d

California Appellate Reports, 3rd Series

Cal.L.Rev.

California Law Review

Cal.Rptr.

California Reporter

Cal.Rptr.2d

California Reporter, 2nd Series

Cal.W.Int’l L.J.

California Western International Law Journal

Camp.

Campbell’s Nisi Prius Cases

Can.Bar Rev

Canadian Bar Review

Canadian Lab. & Emp. L.J.

Canadian Labour & Employment Law Journal

Car

Charles

Cardozo J. Confl. Res.

Cardozo Journal of Conflict Resolution

Cardozo J.Int’l & Comp.L.

Cardozo Journal of International and Comparative Law

Cardozo L.Rev.

Cardozo Law Review

Cas.t.H

Cases temp. Hardwicke

Cass

Corte Suprema di Cassazione (Italian Supreme Court)

Cass.

Cour de cassation (French Supreme Court)

Cassandre

Répertoire Cassandre

Cass. civ.

Chambre civil de la Cour de cassation (Civil Chamber of the French Supreme Court)

Cass. civ. 1ère

Première chambre civile de la Cour de cassation (First Civil Chamber of the French Supreme Court)

Cass. com.

Chambre commerciale de la Cour de cassation (Commercial Chamber of the French Supreme Court)

Cass. soc.

Chambre sociale de la Cour de cassation (Social Chamber of the French Supreme Court)

Cass.fr.

Cour de cassation (French Supreme Court)

Cass.it.

Corte Suprema di cassazione (Italian Supreme Court)

C.B.L.J.

Canadian Business Law Journal

Cass civ (1)

see Cass. civ. 1ère

CC

Civil Case

C.Cass.

Cour de Cassation (Belgium Supreme Court)

C.Cass.Soc.

see Cass. soc.

C.D.E.

Cahiers de Droit Européen

CDT

Cuadernos de Derecho Transnacional

CEDEP

Centro de Estudios de Derecho, Economía y Política

p. xxxivCEFL

Commission on European Family Law

CEFTA

Central European Free Trade Agreement

CEN

European Committee for Standardization

CEO

Chief Executive Officer

CESL

Common European Sales Law

CESL-D

Proposal for a Common European Sales Law

CETS

Council of Europe Treaty Series

cf

confer (compare)

CFA

Court of Final Appeal

CFI

Court of First Instance

CFLQ

Child and Family Law Quarterly

CFR

Common Frame of Reference

CFSP

Common Foreign and Security Policy

ch/chs

chapter/chapters

Ch

Chancery

Ch

Chancery Division (New Zealand)

Ch

Law Reports, Chancery Division, 3rd Series

ChFR

Charta of Fundamental Rights of the European Union

Chi.J.Int’l L.

Chicago Journal of International Law

Chi-Kent L.Rev.

Chicago-Kent Law Review

Chin.Yb.Priv. Int’l & Comp.L.

Chinese Yearbook of Private International Law and Comparative Law

CI

Consumer International

CI

Constitutional Instrument (Ghana)

cic

culpa in contrahendo

CIDIP

Conferencia especializada interamericana de Derecho internacional privado (Inter-American Specialized Conference on Private International Law)

CIEC

Commission International de l’État Civil (International Commission on Civil Status)

CILSA

Comparative and International Law Journal of Southern Africa

Cir

Circuit (USA)

CIS

Community of Independent States

CISG

United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods

CITEJA

Comité International Technique d’Experts Juridiques Aeriens (International Technical Committee of Aerial Legal Experts)

CivCh

Hukuk Dairesi (Civil Chamber)

CJEU

Court of Justice of the European Union

CJQ

Civil Justice Quarterly

cl

clause

Cl.& F.

Clark & Finnelly’s House of Lords Cases

CLB

Commonwealth Law Bulletin

CLBR

Coleção das leis do Império do Brasil (Collection of Laws of the Empire of Brazil)

CLC

International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage

C.L.C.

Commercial Law Cases

CLH

Comparative Legal History

CLR

Commonwealth Law Reports

CLIP

European Max Planck Group on Conflict of Laws in Intellectual Property

CLJ

Cambridge Law Journal

CLP

Current Legal Problems

Clunet

see Journal du Droit International

CMI

Comité Maritime International (International Maritime Committee)

CMI Yearbook

Yearbook of the Comité Maritime International

CMLR

Common Market Law Review

CMR

Convention on the contract for the international carriage of goods by road

cmt

comment[ary]

Coll

Slovak Legal Collection (Zbierka Zakonov Slovenskej Republiky)

Coll. Jud. Conv.

Collection of Judicial Conventions concluded between Tunisia and other countries

coord/cords

Coordinator/Coordinators

Cox Crim. Cases

Cox’s Criminal Cases

Cogn.Psychol.

Cognitive Psychology

col/cols

column/columns

Colum.Bus.L.Rev.

Columbia Business Law Review

Colum.Hum.Rts.L.Rev.

Columbia Human Rights Review

p. xxxvColum.J.Eur.L.

Columbia Journal of European Law

Colum.J.Transnat’l L.

Columbia Journal of Transnational Law

Colum.L.Rev.

Columbia Law Review

COM

European Commission documents

COMI

Center of main interest

Comp

Compiler

Cornell Int’l L.J.

Cornell International Law Journal

Cornell L.Rev.

Cornell Law Review

Corte cost.

Corte costituzionale (Italian Constitutional Court)

Court of the EurAzEC

Court of the Eurasian Economic Community

CP Rep

Civil Procedure Reports

CQLR

Compilation of Québec Laws and Regulations

Cranch

Cranch’s Supreme Court Reports

Creighton L.Rev.

Creighton Law Review

Ct.

Court

Ct App

Court of Appeals (US, State Courts)

Cth

Commonwealth of Australia

CTL

see CDT

C.T.L.R.

Computer and Telecommunications Law Review

CTS

Consolidated Treaty Series

Cuadernos de DIPr

Cuadernos de derecho internacional privado

CUP

Cambridge University Press

Customs Union

Customs Union founded by Belarus, Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation within the Eurasian Economic Community

CYELS

Cambridge Yearbook of European Legal Studies

Cyprus HR Law Rev

Cyprus Human Rights Law Review

Czech Yrbk Intl L

Czech Yearbook of International Law

Darras

Revue de droit international privé (Darras)

D

United States District Court (federal)

DB

Der Betrieb

DC Cir

United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit

DCFR

Draft Common Frame of Reference

DDC

United States District Court, District of Columbia

Dec:

Decision number

DeCITA

Derecho del Comercio International – Temas y Actualidades

DG

Directorate General of the European Commission

DGRN

General Directorate of Registries and Public Notaries

DLR

Dominion Law Reports

Dick.L.Rev.

Dickinson Law Review

DIF

Sistema Nacional para el Desarrollo Integral de la Familia

Dir

Directive (European Union)

Dir. comm. Int

Diritto del commercio internazionale

Dir.internaz.

Diritto internazionale, Rivista trimestrale di dottrina e documentazione

Dir Marit

Il Diritto Marittimo

dir/dirs

Director/Directors

Dir. Trasp.

Diritto dei trasporti

diss

dissenting

DJT

Deutscher Juristentag

DMF

Droit maritime français

DNJ

United States District Court, District of New Jersey

Doc.

Document

DOF

Diario Oficial de la Federación (Official Journal of Mexico)

DOU

Diário Oficial da União (Official Journal of Brazil)

DP

Drejtësia Popullore

D.R.

Diário da República (Official Journal of Portugal)

Dr Marit Fr

Le Droit maritime Française

Ds

Departementsserien (Sweden)

DStJG

Deutsche Steuerjuristische Gesellschaft

DtZ

Deutsch-Deutsche Rechts-Zeitschrift

Duke Int’l & Comp.L.J.

Duke International and Comparative Law Journal

Duke L.J.

Duke Law Journal

D.U.LJ.

Dublin University Law Journal

DV

Darzhaven vestnik

DVBl

Deutsches Verwaltungsblatt

p. xxxviDZWIR

Deutsche Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Insolvenzrecht

E&W

England and Wales

EAEC

European Atomic Energy Community

EBH

Publication of Principal Judgments of the Kúria (Supreme Court of Hungary)

E.B.L.R.

European Business Law Review

EBOR

European Business Organization Review

EC

European Community

ECB

European Central Bank

ECFI

European Court of First Instance

ECFR

European Company and Financial Law Review

ECJ

European Court of Justice

ECHR

Reports of Judgments and Decision of the European Court of Human Rights

ECLI

European Case Law Identifier

ECLR

European Competition Law Review

ECODIR

Electronic Consumer Dispute Resolution

ECOFIN

Economics and Financial Council of the European Union

Econ.Lett.

Economic Letters

ECR

European Court Reports

ECR-I

European Court Reports, Volume one

ECR-II

European Court Reports, Volume two

ECtHR

European Court of Human Rights

ECTIL

European Centre of Tort and Insurance Law

ed/eds

editor/editors

Edin.L.R.

Edinburgh Law Review

EDJ

El Derecho Jurisprudencia

edn

Edition

EDNC

Eastern District of North Carolina

EDNY

Eastern District of New York

EEA

European Economic Area

EEA

European Economic Association

EEC

European Economic Community

EEJ-Net

European Extra Judicial-Network

EEU

Eurasian Economic Union

EEZ

Exclusive Economic Zone

EFTA

European Free Trade Association

eg

exempli gratia/for example

EGC

European General Court

EHRR

European Human Rights Reports

eif

entry into force

EIPR

European Intellectual Property Review

EJCL

Electronic Journal of Comparative Law

EJHL

European Journal of Health Law

EJIL

European Journal of International Law

EJLE

European Journal of Law & Economics

E.J.L.R.

European Journal of Law Reform

eLB

electronic Bill of Lading

Elder L.J.

The Elder Law Journal

ELI

European Law Institute

ELIA

Association for a European Law Institute

ELR

Erasmus Law Review

E.L.Rev.

European Law Review

Emory Int’l L.Rev.

Emory International Law Review

Env L Rev

Environmental Law Review

EPO

European Patent Office

ER

English Reports

ERCL

European Review of Contract Law

ERPL

European Review of Private Law

et al

et alii (and others)

etc

et cetera (and so forth)

ETL

European Transport Law

et seq

et sequens (and the following)

EU

European Union

EuCML

Journal of European Consumer and Market Law

EuGRZ

Europäische Grundrechte-Zeitschrift

EuLF-I

The European Legal Forum, Section I

EuLF-II

The European Legal Forum, Section II

EuLR

European Law Reporter

EUR

Euro (currency)

E.R.P.L.

European Review of Private Law

EurAzEC

Eurasian Economic Community

p. xxxviiEur.J.Consum.L./R.E.D.C.

European Journal of Consumer Law/Revue Européenne de Droit de la Consommation

Eur.J.L. & Econ.

European Journal of Law & Economics

Eur.J.L.Ref.

European Journal of Law Reform

Eur.J.Leg.Stud.

European Journal of Legal Studies

Eur.L.J.

European Law Journal

Europ. Bus. Org. L. Rev.

European Business Organization Law Review

Eur.T.L.

European Transport Law

EurUP

Zeitschrift für Europäisches Umwelt- und Planungsrecht

EuZ

Zeitschrift für Europarecht

EuZA

Europäische Zeitschrift für Arbeitsrecht

EuZW

Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht

EvBl

Evidenzblatt der Rechtsmittelentscheidungen

EWCA Civ

Court of Appeal (Civil Division) (UK)

EWHC

England & Wales High Court (Administrative Court) (revision) 2000–2001

EWHC … (Admin)

England & Wales High Court (Administrative Court) 2001- …

EWHC … (Comm)

High Court, Commercial Court (UK)

EWHC (TCC)

High Court, Technology & Construction Court (UK)

EWiR

Entscheidungen zum Wirtschaftsrecht

EWS

Europäisches Wirtschafts- und Steuerrecht

F.2d/3d

Federal Reporter, 2nd/3rd Series

F Cas

Federal Cases

Fam

Law Reports, Family Division

Fam Law

Family Law

Fam.L.Quart.

Family Law Quarterly

FamRZ

Zeitschrift für das gesamte Familienrecht

Fasc

fascicule

FC

Federal Court of Canada

FCA

Federal Court of Australia

FCN-Treaty

Treaty on Friendship, Commerce and Navigation

FCR

Butterworths Familiy Court Reports

F.C.R.

Australian Federal Court Reports

Fed Cir

United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit

Fed. Reg.

Federal Register

FEK

Fyllo Efemeridas tes Kyverniseos (Official Journal of the Hellenic Republic)

FET

fair and equitable treatment

f/ff

following

FF

Feuille fédérale

FIATA

Fédération Internationale des Associations de Transitaires et Assimilés

FIDIC

Fédération Internationale des Ingénieurs-Conseils

Fin.Man.

Financial Management

FIOST

free in, out, stowed and trimmed

FLR

Family Law Reports

FL Rev

Australian Federal Law Review

fn/fns

footnote/footnotes

FNRJ

Federal Popular Republic of Yugoslavia

FONASBA

Federation of National Associations of Ship Brokers and Agents

Fordham Int’l L.J.

Fordham International Law Journal

Fordham L.Rev.

Fordham Law Review

Foro it.

Il foro italiano

FPRY

Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia

FPS

full protection and security

FR

Finanzrundschau

F.R.D.

Federal Rules Decisions

FRY

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

FSR

Fleet Street Reports

F.Supp./F.Supp.2d

Federal Supplement/Federal Supplement, 2nd Series

FTA

Free Trade Agreement

Ga.J.Int’l.& Comp.L.

Georgia Journal of International and Comparative law

Gall.

Gallison’s Reports

Ga.L.Rev.

Georgia Law Review

Ga.St.U.L.Rev.

Georgia State University Law Review

p. xxxviiiGATT

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

Gaz. Pal.

La Gazette du Palais

Gaz. trib. lib. syr.

Gazette des tribunaux libanais et syriens

Gazz.Uff.

Gazzetta Ufficiale della Repubblica Italiana (Official Journal of Italy)

GBDe

Global Business Dialogue on E-Commerce

GC

General Court at the Court of Justice of the European Union (formerly Court of First Instance)

GCC

Gulf Cooperation Council

GDR

German Democratic Republic

GEDIP

Group européen de droit international privé (European Group for Private International Law)

GENCON

The Baltic and International Maritime Council Uniform General Charter

Geo. J. Int’l L.

Georgetown Journal of International Law

Geo.L.J.

Georgetown Law Journal

Geo.Mason L.Rev.

George Mason Law Review

Geo.Wash.L.Rev.

George Washington Law Review

German Y.B.Int’l L.

German Yearbook of International Law

Giur. it.

Giurisprudenza italiana

Giust. civ Mass.

Giustizia civile Massimario

GLJ

German Law Journal

GmbH

Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung

GPR

Zeitschrift für Gemeinschaftsprivatrecht

GRUR

Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht

GRURAusl

Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht, Internationaler Teil (up until 1966)

GRURInt.

Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht, Internationaler Teil (since 1967)

GRUR-RR

Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht Rechtsprechungs-Report

Guernsey L.R.

Guernsey Law Report

GURI

see Gazz.Uff.

Hague Yrbk Intl L

Hague Yearbook of International Law

Harv.Int’l L.J.

Harvard International Law Journal

Harv.J.L.& Pub.Pol’y

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy

Harv.L.Rev.

Harvard Law Review

Harv.Negot.L.Rev.

Harvard Negotiation Law Review

Hastings Int’l & Comp.L.Rev.

Hastings International and Comparative Law

Hastings L.J.

Hastings Law Journal

Hatem

Recueil Hatem

HCA

High Court of Australia

HCJ

High Court of Justice of Israel

HD

Højesteretsdom (Judgment by the Danish Supreme Court)

HKCFA

Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal

HKCFAR

Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal Reports

HKEC

Hong Kong Electronic Cases

HKLJ

Hong Kong Law Journal

HKLR

Hong Kong Law Reports

HKLRD

Hong Kong Law Reports & Digest

HL

House of Lords (UK)

Hofstra L.Rev.

Hofstra Law Review

How.L.J.

Howard Law Journal

Hous.J.Int’l L.

Houston Journal of International Law

Hous. L. Rev.

Houston Law Review

HR

Hoge Raad (Dutch Supreme Court)

HUP

Harvard University Press

IAC

Inter-American Convention

IAD

Internal Affairs Doctrine

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

IAJC

Inter-American Juridical Committee

IATA

International Air Transport Association

IBA

International Bar Association

ibid

ibidem (in the same place)

ICA

International Court of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce

ICANN

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

p. xxxixICAO

International Civil Aviation Organization

ICC

International Chamber of Commerce

ICCA

International Council for Commercial Arbitration

ICCLR

International Company & Commercial Law Review

ICCS

International Commission on Civil Status

ICDR

International Center for Dispute Resolution of the American Arbitration Association

ICE

Institution of Civil Engineers

ICJ

International Court of Justice

p. xlIJCP

International Journal of Cultural Property

I.C.J. Rep.

International Court of Justice Reports of Judgments

ICJ Statute

Statute of the International Court of Justice

ICLQ

International & Comparative Law Quarterly

ICLR

The International Construction Law Review

ICN

International Competition Network

ICR

Industrial Cases Reports

ICSID

International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes

ICT

Information and Communication Technology

id

idem (the same)

ie

id est (that is)

IECL

International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law

IFL

International Family Law

İHFM

İstanbul Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Mecmuası

IHLADI

Instituto Hispano Luso Americano de Derecho Internacional (Spanish-Portuguese-American Institute of International Law)

IHR

Internationales Handelsrecht

IIC

International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law

IIT

International Investment Treaty

I.J.

Irish Jurist

I.J.F.L.

Irish Journal of Family Law

IJLPF

International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family

IJODR

International Journal of Online Dispute Resolution

ILA

International Law Association

ILA Committee

Committee of the International Law Association Committee on ‘Intellectual Property and Private International Law’

ILC

International Law Commission

ILI

International Law Institute

ILJ

Industrial Law Journal

Ill.

Supreme Court of Illinois

ILO

International Labor Organization

ILO CEARC

International Labor Organization Committee on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations

ILM

International Legal Materials

ILPr

International Litigation Procedure

ILQ

International Law Quarterly

ILR

International Law Reports

ILRM

Irish Law Reports Monthly

IMCO

Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization

IMF

International Monetary Fund

Imm AR

Immigration Appeal Reports

IMO

International Maritime Organization

IMSO

International Mobile Satellite Organization

INCOTERMS

International Commercial Terms

Ind.

Indiana

Ind.J.Global L.Stud.

Indiana Journal for Global Legal Studies

Indian J.Int’l L.

Indian Journal of International Law

Indiana L.J.

Indiana Law Journal

InDret

Revista para el Análisis del Derecho

infra

below

IntALR

International Arbitration Law Review

Int. Bus.& Econ. R.J.

International Business & Economics Research Journal

Int’l J.Legal Info.

International Journal of Legal Information

Int J Proc Law

International Journal of Procedural Law

Int’l Law.

International Lawyer

Int’l L.Forum

International Law Forum du droit international

Int’l Lis

Rivista di diritto processuale internazionale e arbitrato internazionale

Int’l Litg.

International Litigation

Int’l Org.

International Organization

IOPC Funds

International Oil Pollution Compensation Funds

IOSCO

International Organization of Securities Commissions

Iowa L.Rev.

Iowa Law Review

IP

Internet Protocol

IP

Intellectual property

IPG

Gutachten zum internationalen und ausländischen Privatrecht

IPRax

Praxis des Internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts

IPRE

Österreichische Entscheidungen zum Internationalen Privatrecht

IPRspr.

Die deutsche Rechtsprechung auf dem Gebiete des Internationalen Privatrechts

IR

Irish Report

IRRC

International Review of the Red Cross

IRuD

Internationales Recht und Diplomatie

ISDS

Investor-State Dispute Settlement

Islam L & Soc

Islamic Law and Society

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

ISR

Internationale Steuer-Rundschau

IStR

Internationales Steuerrecht

ITF

International Transport Workers Federation

ITLOS

International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

ITR

Income Tax Reports

ITU

International Telecommunications Union

IVRA

Rivista Internazionale di Diritto Romano e Antico

IYIL

The Italian Yearbook of International Law

Izvršna žalba (appeal in enforcement procedure) (Serbia)

J Afr L

Journal of African Law

JAL(C)

Journal of Air Law (and Commerce)

Jap.Ann.Int’l L.

Japanese Annual of International Law

JBL

Journal of Business Law

JBl.

Juristische Blätter

J.Bus.

Journal of Business

JCL

Journal of Contract Law

J.-Cl. dr. int.

Juris-classeur de droit international

JCMS

Journal of Common Market Studies

J.Com.Mar.Stud.

see JCMS

J.Comp.Leg.

Journal of Comparative Legislation and International Law

J.Consum.Aff.

Journal of Consumer Affairs

J.Consum.Res.

Journal of Consumer Research

J.Corp.L.

Journal of Corporation Law

JCP

Juris-Classeur Périodique

J.C.P.

Journal of Consumer Policy

J.Dr.Int’l

Journal du Droit International

J.Dr.Int.Priv.

Journal du Droit International Privé

J.D.E.

Journal de droit européen

J East Euro L

Journal of East European Law

J.Econ.Beh. & Org.

Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization

J.Econ.Lit.

Journal of Economic Literature

J.Econ.Persp.

Journal of Economic Perspectives

J.Exp.Psychol.Hum.Percept.Perform.

Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance

J.Fin.Econ.

Journal of Financial Economics

J.Fin.Quant.A.

Journal of Financial Quantitative Analysis

JGS

Justizgesetzsammlung (Collection of Laws of Austria)

JherJb

Jherings Jahrbücher für die Dogmatik des heutigen römischen und deutschen Privatrechts

J.I.B.L.R.

Journal of International Banking Law & Regulation

p. xliJIDS

Journal of International Dispute Settlement

JIML

Journal of International Maritime Law

J. Int’l & Comp. L.

Journal of International and Comparative Law

J.Int’l Arb.

Journal of International Arbitration

J.Int’l Econ.L.

Journal of International Economic Law

JIPITEC

Journal of Intellectual Property, Information Technology, and Electronic Commerce Law

JITE

Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics

J.L.& Com.

Journal of Law and Commerce

JLE

Journal of Law and Economics

J.L.Econ.& Org.

Journal of Law, Economics and Organizations

J.Leg.Pluralism

Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law

JLS

Journal of Legal Studies

J. Market Res.

Journal of Market Research

J.Mar.L.& Com.

Journal of Maritime Law & Commerce

J.O.

Journal Officiel de la République Française (Official Journal of France)

JORF

see J.O.

JPA

Jurisprudence du Port d’Anvers

J.Pers.Soc.Psychol.

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

J.P.I.L.

Journal of Personal Injury Litigation

J.Pol.Econ.

Journal of Political Economy

J Priv Int L

Journal of Private International Law

JR

Juristische Rundschau

JRC

Jersey Reports

J.Soc.Comp. Legislation

Journal of the Society of Comparative Legislation

JTL

Journal des tribunaux Luxembourg

Jur.Rev.

Juridical Review

J.W.T.

Journal of World Trade

JZ

JuristenZeitung

KB

Law Reports, King’s Bench

KG

Kammergericht (Higher Regional Court Berlin, Germany)

KHK

Kanun Hükmünde Kararname (Turkish decree law)

KunstRSp

Kunstrechtsspiegel

Labeo

Rassegna di Diritto Romano

La.L.Rev.

Louisiana Law Review

Law & Prac. Int’l Cts. & Tribunals

Law and Practice of International Courts and Tribunals

LCIA

London Court of International Arbitration

LCP

Law & Contemporary Problems

L.Ed.

United States Supreme Court Reports, Lawyers’ Edition

Legf. B.

Kúria (Supreme Court of Hungary)

Legf. B. Pf.

Judgment of the Kúria (Supreme Court of Hungary) in Revision

Leon.

Leonard’s Reports

LFMR

Law & Financial Markets Review

LFN

Laws of the Federation of Nigeria

LG

Landgericht (Regional Court, Germany)

LHR

Law & History Review

Lib

liber (book)

lit

littera (letter)

LJN

Landelijk Jurisprudentie Nummer

Ll L Rep

Lloyd’s List Law Reports

Lloyd’s Rep

Lloyd’s Law Reports

Lloyd’s Rep IR

Lloyd’s Law Reports Insurance & Reinsurance

LLMC

Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims

LMAA

London Maritime Arbitrators Association

LMCLQ

Lloyd’s Maritime and Commercial Law Quarterly

LMK

Lindenmaier-Möhring – Kommentierte Rechtsprechung

LMR

Law Magazine & Review

LNRI

Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia (Official Journal of Indonesia)

LNTS

League of Nations Treaty Series

loc. cit.

loco citato (in the place cited)

LOF

Lloyd’s Open Form

p. xliiLouisiana R.S.

Louisiana Laws Revised Statutes

Loy.L.A.L.Rev.

Loloya of Los Angeles Law Review

Loy.U.Chi.Int’l.L.Rev.

Loyola University Chicago International Law Review

L.Q.

Lois du Québec

LQR

Law Quarterly Review

LR

Liechtensteinische Rechtssammlung (Collection of Laws of Liechtenstein)

L.R.

Law Reports

LR QB

Law Reports, Queen’s Bench, 1st Series

LRA

locus regit actum (the place governs the act)

LR (Ir)

Law Reports (Ireland)

LRQ

Lois refondues du Québec

LR (NSW)

New South Wales Law Reports (old abbreviation)

LS

Legal Studies

LSG

Landessozialgericht (Regional Court on Social Law, Germany)

ltd

limited company

Malaya L.Rev.

Malaya Law Review

MANU

Manupatra

MARPOL

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships

Mar.Pol’y

Marine Policy

Marq.L.Rev.

Marquette Law Review

Mason

Mason’s United States Circuit Court Reports

Mass.

Massachusetts

MB

Moniteur belge/Belgisch Staatsblad (Official Journal of Belgium)

MC

Model Convention

McGill L.J.

McGill Law Journal

Md.L.Rev.

Maryland Law Review

MDR

Monatsschrift für Deutsches Recht

MECLR

Middle East Commercial Law Review

Me.L.Rev.

Maine Law Review

Mémorial

Mémorial – Journal Officiel du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (Official Journal of Luxembourg)

Mem.St.U.L.Rev.

Memphis State University Law Review

Mercer L.Rev.

Mercer Law Review

Mercosur

Mercado Común del Sur (South American Common Market)

MFN

most favoured nation

MHB

Milletlerarası Hukuk ve Milletlerarası Özel Hukuk Bülteni

Mich.J.Int’l L.

Michigan Journal of International Law

Mich.L.Rev.

Michigan Law Review

Minn

Minnesota

Minn.J.Int’l L.

Minnesota Journal of International Law

Minn.L.Rev.

Minnesota Law Review

Misc 3d.

Miscellaneous Reports, 3rd Series

Miss

Mississippi

MJ

Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law

MLC

Maritime Labor Convention

MLR

Modern Law Review

Mo

Missouri

Mo.L.Rev.

Missouri Law Review

MRAs

Mutual Recognition Agreements

MTO

Multimodal Transport Operator

MU

International Treaties (in the Official Journal of Montenegro)

MULR

Melbourne University Law Review

NAFTA

North American Free Trade Agreement

NASDAQ

National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation

NCCUSL

National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws

N.C. J. Int’L L. & Com. Reg.

North Carolina Journal of International Law and Commercial Regulation

N.C.L.Rev.

North Carolina Law Review

N.E.2d

Northeastern Reporter 2nd Series

Neb.L.Rev.

Nebraska Law Review

Nev. L. J.

Nevada Law Journal

NGO

Non-Governmental Organization

NI

Northern Ireland

NiemZ

Zeitschrift für internationales Privat- und Strafrecht (later: Zeitschrift für Internationales Privat- und Öffentliches Recht)

p. xliiiNiemeyersZ

Niemeyers Zeitschrift für Internationales Recht

Nigerian LJ

Nigerian Law Journal

NILR

Netherlands International Law Review

NIPR

Nederlands Internationaal Privaatrecht

NJ

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie

N.J.

Supreme Court of New Jersey

N.J.

New Jersey Reports

NJA

Nytt Juridiskt Arkiv (Decisions of the Swedish Supreme Court)

N.J.L.

The New Law Journal

NJW

Neue Juristische Wochenschrift

NJW-RR

Neue Juristische Wochenschrift, Rechtsprechungsreport

NLCC

Le Nuove Leggi Civili Commentate

NLJ

New Law Journal

NLR

National Law Review

no/nos

number/numbers

Northwest.J.Int’l L. & Bus.

Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business

Northwest.U.L.Rev.

Northwestern University Law Review

Nordisk Tidsskrift Int’l Ret

Nordisk Tidskrift for International Ret

NOU

Norges offentlige utredninger (Official reports of Norway)

NRCD

National Redemption Council Decree

NSFNET

National Science Foundation NET

NStZ-RR

Neue Zeitschrift für Strafrecht, Rechtsprechungs- Report

NSWLR

New South Wales Law Reports (modern abbreviation)

N.W.

North Western Reporter

N.W. 2d

Northwestern Reporter 2nd Series

NWLR

Nigerian Weekly Law Reports

NY

New York

N.Y.

New York Court of Appeals

N.Y.

New York Reports

N.Y.2d

New York Reports, 2nd Series

N.Y. GOB. LAW

New York General Obligations Law

N.Y.Int’l L.Rev.

New York International Law Review

N.Y.L.Forum

New York Law Forum

NYLJ

New York Law Journal

nyp

not yet published

nyr

not yet released/reported

N.Y.S. 2d

New York Supplement, 2nd Series

N.Y.Sch.J.Int’l.& Comp.L.

New York Law School Journal of International and Comparative Law

NYSE

New York Stock Exchange

N.Y.U.Envtl.L.J.

New York University Environmental Law Journal

N.Y.U.J.Int’l Law & Pol.

New York University Journal of International Law & Politics

N.Y.U.J. Law & Lib.

New York University Journal of Law & Liberty

N.Y.U. L.Q. Rev.

New York University Law Quarterly Review

N.Y.U.L.Rev.

New York University Law Review

NZCA

New Zealand Court of Appeal

NZFam

Neue Zeitschrift für Familienrecht

NZG

Neue Zeitschrift für Gesellschaftsrecht

NZHC

New Zealand High Court

NZI

Neue Zeitschrift für das Recht der Insolvenz und Sanierung

NZJPIL

New Zealand Journal of Public and International Law

NZLR

New Zealand Law Reports

O.

Ordinance

OAPI

African Organization for Intellectual Property

OAS

Organization of American States

ODR

Online Dispute Resolution

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OEEC

Organisation for European Economic Co-operation

ÖZföR

Österreichische Zeitschrift für Öffentliches Recht

OGH

Oberster Gerichtshof (Austrian Supreme Court)

OHADA

Organisation pour l’Harmonisation en Afrique du Droit des Affaires p. xliv(Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa)

OHIM

Office of Harmonization for the Internal Market

Ohio St.J.on Disp.Resol.

Ohio State Journal on Dispute Resolution

Ohio St.L.J.

Ohio State Law Journal

O.J.

Official Journal of the European Communities (since 2003: Official Journal of the European Union)

OLG

Oberlandesgericht (Higher Regional Court, Germany)

Okla.L.Rev.

Oklahoma Law Review

ONSC

Ontario Superior Court of Justice Reports

op. cit.

opera citato (in the work cited)

Or.L.Rev.

Oregon Law Review

Or.Rev.Stat.

Oregon Revised Statutes

OTIF

Organisation intergouvernementale pour les transportes internationaux ferroviaires (Intergovermental Organisation for International Carriage by Rail)

Ottawa L.Rev.

Ottawa Law Review

OUCLJ

Oxford University Commonwealth Law Journal

OUP

Oxford University Press

Oxford J.Leg.Stud.

Oxford Journal of Legal Studies

p/pp

page/pages

P

Probate, Divorce and Admiralty Division (New Zealand)

P.

Law Reports, Probate

P.2d

Pacific Reporter, 2nd Series

P&I

Protection and Indemnity

Pa

Pennsylvania

Pa.

Supreme Court of Pennsylvania

Pa.

Pennsylvania State Reports

p.a.

per annum (per year)

Pace Int’l L.Rev.

Pace International Law Review

PACS

Pacte civil de solidarité

para/paras

paragraph/paragraphs

Paris J. Int’l Arb.

Paris Journal of International Arbitration

Pas.Belge

Pasicrisie belge

Pas.lux.

Pasicrisie luxembourgeoise

PC

Judicial Committee of the Privy Council

PC

Spanish Provincial Court (Audiencia Provincial)

PCIJ

Permanent Court of International Justice

PD

Law Reports, Probate, Divorce & Admiralty Division

P.D.

Piskei Din (Israel)

PECL

Principles of European Contract Law

PEICL

Principles of European Insurance Contract Law

Penn St. Int’l L. Rev.

Penn State International Law Review

Peters

Peters’ Supreme Court Reports

PICAO

Provisional International Civil Aviation Organization

P.L.

Public Law

plc

public limited company

POEJ

Proche Orient Etudes Juridiques (Journal of the Faculty of Law and Political Science, Saint-Joseph University of Beirut)

POG

Taiwanese Presidential Office Gazette (Zong-tong-fu Gong-bao)

PRC

People’s Republic of China

Prel. Doc. No.

Preliminary Document Number

Proc.Am.Soc.Int’l L.

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law

PSLR

Penn State Law Review

Psychol.Bull.

Psychological Bulletin

Psychol.Rev.

Psychological Review

pt/pts

part/parts

pub

publication

Parnična žalba (appeal in litigious procedure) (Serbia)

QB

Law Reports, Queen’s Bench, 3rd Series

QBD

Law Reports, Queen’s Bench Division

Qd R

Queensland Reports

QJE

Quarterly Journal of Economics

R/r

Rule

R.

The Reports in all the Courts

RabelsZ

Rabels Zeitschrift für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht

Raj

Rajasthan High Court

p. xlvRand J.Econ.

The RAND Journal of Economics

RBD

Revista Boliviana de Derecho

R.B.D.I.

Revue Belge de Droit International

RdA

Revue de l’arbitrage

RdC

Revue des contrats

RDC/TBH

Revue de Droit Commercial Belge//Tijdschrift voor Belgisch Handelsrecht

R.D.I.D.C.

Revue de Droit international et de Droit comparé

R.D.M.

Revista de Derecho mercantile

R.D.T.

Revue de droit des transports

R.D.U.E.

Revue du droit de l’Union Européenne

RdW

Österreichisches Recht der Wirtschaft

R.E.C.D.

Revue européenne de droit de la consommation/European Journal of Consumer Law

Rec. des Cours

Recueil des Cours de l’Academie de Droit International de la Haye

REDI

Revista Española de Derecho Internacional

REEI

Revista Electrónica de Estudios Internacionales

Reg

Regulation (European Union)

reg/regs

regulation/regulations

REIO

Regional Economic Integration Organization

REITS

Real Estate Investment Trusts

Rép. Defrénois

Defrénois – la revue du notariat

Reports Int.Arb.Awards

Reports of International Arbitral Awards

repr

reprinted

RES

Resolution

rev edn

revised edition

Rev.crit.DIP

Revue critique de droit international privé

Rev.Droit Aff.Int’les

Revue de Droit des Affaires Internationales

Rev.Dr.Unif.

Revue de Droit Uniforme

Rev.Econ. & Stat.

The Review of Economics and Statistics

Rev.Econ.Stud.

Review of Economic Studies

Rev.L. & Econ.

Review of Law and Economics

Rev. trim. dr. fam.

Revue trimestrielle de droit de la famille

Revue Scapel

Revue de Droit Commercial, Maritime, Aérien et des Transports (Scapel)

RG

Reichsgericht (German Imperial Court of Justice)

RGBl.

Reichsgesetzblatt (former Official Journal of Germany)

RGZ

Entscheidungen des Reichsgerichts in Zivilsachen (Decisions of the German Imperial Court of Justice in civil matters)

RH

Rättsfall från hovrätterna (Sweden)

RHC

Rules of the Hong Kong High Court

R.H.D.I.

Revue Héllenique de Droit International

RIDA

Revue internationale du droit d’auteur

R.I.D.C.

Revue international de droit comparé

Riv.Dir.Int.

Rivista di diritto internazionale

Riv.Dir.Int’le Priv. & Proc.

Rivista di diritto internazionale privato e processuale

Riv Dir Proc

Rivista di diritto processuale

Riv.it.dir.lav.

Rivista italiana di diritto del lavoro

RIW

Recht der internationalen Wirtschaft

R.J.

Reporting judge

RJL

Revue judiciaire libanaise (Al-Nashra al-Qadaiyya)

RMCUE

Revue du Marché Commun et de l’Union Européenne

RO

Recueil officiel des lois fédérales (Official Journal of Switzerland)

ROC

Republic of China on Taiwan

Roger Williams U.L.Rev.

Roger Williams University Law Review

Roman.J.Priv. Int’l & Comp.L.

Romanian Journal of Private International and Comparative Law

RPC

Reports of Patent Cases

Rpfleger

Der Deutsche Rechtspfleger

RS

Republic of Serbia

RSC

Bermuda Rules of the Supreme Court 1985

R.S.C.

Revised Statutes of Canada

p. xlviRSDIE

Revue suisse de droit international et européen

RStBl.

Reichssteuerblatt (Official Fiscal Journal of Germany)

Rt

Norsk Retstidende (Collection of Decisions of the Norwegian Supreme Court)

RTDCiv

Revue trimestrielle de droit civil

RTDEur

Revue trimestrielle de droit européen

R.T.D.C.

Revue trimestrielle de droit commercial et de droit économique

RTDF

Revue trimestrielle de droit familial

RW

Rechtskundig Weekblad

s/ss

section/sections

SA

South African Law Reports

SA … (A)

Appellate Division

SA … (C)

Cape Provincial Division

SA … (ECG)

Eastern Cape High Court, Grahamstown

SA … (W)

Witwatersrand Local Division

SA Merc.L.J.

South African Mercantile Law Journal

San Diego Int’l L.J.

San Diego International Law Journal

SASR

South Australian State Reports

Sb

Sbírka zákonů (Collection of Laws of the Czech Republic)

SBC

Statutes of British Columbia

Sbm.s.

Sbírka mezinárodních smluv

Sc

scilicet (that is to say)

SCA

South African Supreme Court of Appeal

S.Cal.L.Rev.

Southern California Law Review

Scand. Inst. Mar. L.

Scandinavian Institute of Maritime Law

SCC

Supreme Court of Canada

SCC

Sala de Casación Civil (Civil chamber of the Venezuelan Supreme Court of Justice)

SCC

Indian Supreme Court Cases

S.C.C.

Stockholm Chamber of Commerce

SCG

Serbia and Montenegro

Sch

Schedule

SchiedsVZ

Zeitschrift für Schiedsverfahren

SchwJbIntR

Schweizerisches Jahrbuch für internationales Recht (Annuaire Suisse de Droit International)

SCJ

Supreme Court Judgment (Thailand)

SCJILB

South Carolina Journal of International Law & Business

Scot

Scotland

SCR

Supreme Court Reports

S.Ct.

Supreme Court Reporter

SD

District Court for the Southern District

SDFla

District Court for the Southern District of Florida

SDNY

District Court for the Southern District of New York

SDR

Special Drawing Rights

SE

Societas Europaea (European Company)

SEKO

Sjöfolk Facket för Service och Kommunikation (Swedish Trade Union)

SES

Single Economic Space of the Eurasian Economic Community

SFRJ/SFRY

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

SFT

Swiss Federal Tribunal

SI

Statutory Instrument

S.Ill.U.L.J.

Southern Illinois University Law Journal

Sl. list CG br.

Official Journal of Montenegro No (new)

Sl. list RCG br.

Official Journal of Montenegro No (old)

SJ

State Journal (Lithuania)

SJIR

Schweizerisches Jahrbuch für internationales Recht

SLR

Singapore Law Reports

SLT

The Scots Law Times

SME

Small and Medium Enterprises

SMU L.Rev.

Southern Methodist University Law Review

SNS

Statutes of Nova Scotia

So.2d

Southern Reporter, 2nd Series

SOLAS

International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea

SOU

Statens Offentliga Utredningar (Sweden)

SPA

Sala Político Administrativa (Administrative Chamber)

p. xlviiSpan Yrbk Intl L

Spanish Yearbook of International Law

SPV

Special Purpose Vehicle

SQ

Statutes of Quebec

SR

Systematische Rechtssammlung (Collection of Laws of Switzerland)

SR

Statutory regulation

Stan. J. Civ. Rts. & Civ. Liberties

Stanford Journal of Civil Rights & Civil Liberties

Stan.J.Int’l L.

Stanford Journal of International Law

Stan.J.L.Bus.Fin

Stanford Journal of Law, Business & Finance

Stan.L.Rev.

Stanford Law Review

Stat.

Statutes at Large

StAZ

Das Standesamt

Stb

Staatsblad (Official Journal of The Netherlands)

STC

Judgment of the Spanish Constitutional Court

S.T.C.

Simons Tax Cases

S.T.C. (SDC)

Simon’s Tax Cases (Special Commissioners’ Decisions)

Stetson L.Rev.

Stetson Law Review

S.Tex.L.Rev.

Southern Texas Law Review

STJ

Superior Tribunal de Justiça (Brazilian Superior Court of Justice)

St. John’s L.Rev.

St. John’s Law Review

STS

Judgment of the Spanish Supreme Court

StuW

Steuer und Wirtschaft

subpara/subparas

subparagraph/subparagraphs

supp/supps

supplement/supplements

supra

above

SvJT

Svensk Juristtidning

SVR

Straßenverkehrsrecht

S.W.2d

Southwestern Reporter, 2nd Series

SWI

Steuer und Wirtschaft International

SYBIL

Singapore Yearbook of International Law

Syd.L.Rev.

Sydney Law Review

Syracuse J.Int’l L.& Com.

Syracuse Journal of International Law and Commerce

Syracuse L.Rev.

Syracuse Law Review

SZ

Entscheidungen des österreichischen Obersten Gerichtshofes in Zivil- und Justizverwaltungssachen (Decisions of the Austrian Supreme Court in civil and judicial administrative matters)

SZIER

Schweizerische Zeitschrift für internationales und europäisches Recht

SZW

Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht

T.

tomo

TA

Tesis Aislada

TASE

Tel-Aviv Stock Exchange

Tasm.U.L.Rev.

Tasmanian University Law Review

TDM

Transnational Dispute Management

TEC

Treaty establishing the European Community

Tel Aviv U.Stud.L.

Tel Aviv University Studies in Law

Temp.L.Rev.

Temple Law Review

Tenn.L.Rev.

Tennessee Law Review

TEU

Treaty on European Union

Tex.Int’l L.J.

Texas International Law Journal

Tex.L.Rev.

Texas Law Review

TFEU

Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union

TGI

Tribunal de Grande Instance

TIAS

Treaties and other International Acts Series

Tit

Titulus (title)

TLA

Treaty on Legal Assistance

TLNRI

Tambahan Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia (Supplement to the Official Journal of Indonesia)

Torts L.J.

Torts Law Journal

tr/trs

translator/translators

Trav Com fr DIP

Travaux du Comité français de droit international privé

TranspR

Transportrecht

TRIPS

Treaty on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

Trib

Tribunal (Court of First Instance)

TSJ

Tribunal Supremo de Justicia de Venezuela (Venezuelan Supreme Court of Justice)

p. xlviiiTul.J.Int’l & Comp.L.

Tulane Journal of International and Comparative Law

Tul.L.Rev.

Tulane Law Review

Tul.Mar.L.J.

Tulane Maritime Law Journal

UAE

United Arab Emirates

UCC

Uniform Commercial Code

UCC L.J.

Uniform Commercial Code Law Journal

U.C. Davis L.Rev.

University of California at Davis Law Review

U.Chi.L.Rev.

University of Chicago Law Review

UCLA L.Rev.

University of California at Los Angeles Law Review

U.Colo.L.Rev.

University of Colorado Law Review

UCP

Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits of the International Chamber of Commerce

UDRP

Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy

UfR

Ugeskrift for Retsvæsen (Danish Weekly Law Journal)

U Ghana LJ

University of Ghana Law Journal

U.Ill.L.Rev.

University of Illinois Law Review

UINL

Union Internationale du Notariat Latin

UK

United Kingdom

U.Kan.L.Rev.

University of Kansas Law Review

UKEAT

United Kindom Employment Appeal Tribunal

UKHL

United Kingdom House of Lords

UKPC

United Kingdom Privy Council

Ukr Yrbk Intl L

Ukrainian Yearbook of International Law

UKSC

United Kingdom Supreme Court

ULF

Hague Uniform Law on the Formation of Contracts for the International Sale of Goods

ULIS

Hague Uniform Law on the International Sale of Goods

U.Miami Inter-Am.L.Rev.

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

U.Miami L.Rev.

University of Miami Law Review

UMKC L.Rev.

UMKC Law Review

UN

United Nations

UNCITRAL

United Nations Commission on International Trade Law

UNCTAD

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNECE

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

UNESCAP

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

UN GAOR Supp

United Nations, General Assembly Official Records, Supplement

UNICEF

United Nations Children’s Fund

UNIDROIT

International Institute for the Unification of Private Law/Institut international pour l’unification du droit privé

UNIDROIT Principles

UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts

Unif.L.Rev.

Uniform Law Review

UNPROFOR

United Nations Protection Force

UNTS

United Nations Treaty Series

U.Pa.J.Int’l Bus.L.

University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Business Law

U.Pa.J.Int’l Econ.L.

University of Pennsylvania Journal for International Economic Law

U.Pa.J.Int’l L.

University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law

U.Pa.L.Rev.

University of Pennsylvania Law Review

US/USA

United States of America

U.S.

United States Reports

USD

US-Dollar (currency)

U.S.F.Mar.L.J.

University of San Francisco Maritime Law Journal

USSR

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

U.Tas.L.Rev.

University of Tasmania Law Review

U.T.L.J.

University of Toronto Law Journal

UWLA L.Rev.

University of West Los Angeles Law Review

v

versus

Va.J.Int’l L.

Virginia Journal of International Law

Va.L.Rev.

Virginia Law Review

Val.Univ.L.Rev.

Valparaiso University Law Review

Vand.J. Transnat’l L.

Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law

Vand.L.Rev.

Vanderbilt Law Review

VAT

Value Added Tax

VersR

Versicherungsrecht

Ves.Sen.

Vesey Senior’s Chancery Reports

Vict.U.Well.L.Rev.

Victoria University of Wellington Law Review

Virginia J Intl L

Virginia Journal of International

VLD

Vestre Landsretsdom (Judgment by the Danish Western Court of Appeal)

VOB

Vergabe- und Vertragsordnung für Bauleistungen

vol/vols

volume/volumes

VuR

Verbraucher und Recht

VwGH

Verwaltungsgerichtshof (Austrian Supreme Administrative Court)

War

Western Australian Reports

Wash.2d

Washington Reports, 2nd Series

Washburn L.J.

Washburn Law Journal

Wash. & Lee L.Rev.

Washington and Lee Law Review

Wash. U. Global St. L. Rev.

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

Wash.U.L.Q.

Washington University Law Quarterly

Wash.U.L.Rev.

Washington University Law Review

Wayne L.Rev.

Wayne Law Review

WCO

World Customs Organization

WFC

Work in Fishing Convention

WGO-MfOR

WGO-Monatshefte für Osteuropäisches Recht

Wheaton

Wheaton’s Supreme Court Reports

Willamette J. Int’l L. & Disp. Resol.

Willamette Journal of International Law and Dispute Resolution

Willamette L.Rev.

Willamette Law Review

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization

Wis

Wisconsin

Wis.

Wisconsin Supreme Court

Wis.2d

Wisconsin Reports, 2nd Series

Wis.Int’l L.J.

Wisconsin International Law Journal

Wis.L.Rev.

Wisconsin Law Review

WJLGS

Wisconsin Journal of Law, Gender & Society

WL

Westlaw

WLR

Weekly Law Reports

WM

Wertpapier-Mitteilungen

WM IV

WM Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Bankrecht

Wm. & Mary L.Rev.

William and Mary Law Review

WMU J Mar affairs

WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs

WPNR

Weekblad voor Privaatrecht Notariaat en Registratie

WRP

Wettbewerb in Recht und Praxis

WTO

World Trade Organization

WuW

Wirtschaft und Wettbewerb

W. Va.L.Rev.

West Virginia Law Review

Yale J.Int’l L.

Yale Journal of International Law

Yale J.on Reg.

Yale Journal on Regulation

Yale J.Reg.

Yale Journal on Regulation

Yale J. World Pub.Ord.

Yale Journal of World Public Order

Yale L. & Pol’y Rev.

Yale Law & Policy Review

Yale L.J.

Yale Law Journal

YEL

Yearbook of European Law

YIMEL

Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law

YKD

Yargıtay Kararları Dergisi

YbPIL

Yearbook of Private International Law

ZAK

Zivilrecht aktuell

ZaöRV

Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht

ZASCA

see SCA

p. lZBGR

Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Beurkundungs- und Grundbuchrecht

ZChinR

Zeitschrift für Chinesisches Recht

Zeitschr Int Priv & StrafR

Zeitschrift für Internationales Privat- und Strafrecht

ZEuP

Zeitschrift für Europäisches Privatrecht

ZEuS

Zeitschrift für europarechtliche Studien

ZfRV

Zeitschrift für Europarecht, Internationales Privatrecht und Rechtsvergleichung

ZGR

Zeitschrift für Unternehmens- und Gesellschaftsrecht

ZgS

Zeitschrift für Vertragsgestaltung, Schuld- und Haftungsrecht (formerly Zeitschrift für das Gesamte Schuldrecht)

ZHR

Zeitschrift für das gesamte Handelsrecht und Wirtschaftsrecht

ZIEV

Zeitschrift für die internationale Eisenbahnförderung

ZIP

Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht

ZLW

Zeitschrift für Luft- und Weltraumrecht

ZSR

Zeitschrift für Schweizerisches Recht

ZVersWiss

Zeitschrift für die gesamte Versicherungswissenschaft

ZVglRWiss

Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Rechtswissenschaft

ZVR

Zeitschrift für Verkehrsrecht

ZWS

Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften

ZZP

Zeitschrift für Zivilprozess

ZZPInt

Zeitschrift für Zivilprozess International

ZZW

Zeitschrift für Zivilstandswesen