Encyclopedia of Law and Economics
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Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

Edited by Gerrit De Geest

The second, expanded edition of the acclaimed Encyclopedia represents a major update of the most authoritative reference work in the field of law and economics and the nine print volumes are now released online as a single integrated product. The Encyclopedia provides balanced and comprehensive coverage of the major domain in law and economics, including: criminal law, regulation, property law, contract law, tort law, labor and employment law, antitrust law, procedural law, and the production of legal rules. Each theme or volume is overseen by a leading scholar and each of the 156 entries is prepared by an expert in the field, providing an in-depth and authoritative overview of the individual topic, combined with an exhaustive bibliography, allowing users to access and filter the entire corpus of literature in law and economics. As with the print edition, the Encyclopedia is unique in serving both as an entry point and a platform for advanced research. The online edition is enhanced with Elgaronline’s powerful search tools, facilitating the search for key terms across the entire Encyclopedia, whilst the browse function allows users to move seamlessly between the volumes. These elements combine to create a powerful research tool for any researcher or scholar in the field of law and economics.
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Abbreviations

[In: Volume 1, Michael Faure (ed) Tort Law and Economics]

ACC

Accident Compensation Corporation

ACCI

American Council on Consumer Interests

AEI

American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research

ALI

American Law Institute

a.M.

am Main

AMA

American Medical Association

AMI

Acute Myocardial Infarction

AO

Administrative Office

ATRA

American Tort Reform Association

BGB

Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch

BJS

Bureau of Justice Statistics

CA

California

CBO

Congressional Budget Office

CCECQA

Le Comité de Coordination de l’Evaluation Clinique et de la Qualité en Aquitaine

CEO

Chief Executive Officer

CERCLA

Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act

CHA

California Healthcare Association

CMA

California Medical Association

CMPA

Canadian Medical Protective Association

CPSC

Consumer Product Safety Commission

DC

District of Columbia

DCE

Designated Compensable Event

DCFR

Draft Common Frame of Reference

DES

Diethylstilbestrol

DOT

Department of Transportation

DPT

Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus

DREES

Direction de la recherche, des études et de l’évaluation et des statistiques

EC

European Community

ECU

European Currency Unit

EEC

European Economic Community

EG

Europäische Gemeinschaft

ENEIS

Étude nationale sur les événements Indésirables graves liés aux Soins

EU

European Union

p. xixFDA

Food and Drug Administration

FIG

Frontier Insurance Group

HMPS

Harvard Medical Practice Study

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

ICJ

Institute for Civil Justice

IGAS

Inspection Générale des Finances, Inspection Générale des Affaires Sociales

IHD

Ischaemic Heart Disease

IL

Illinois

IMO

International Marine Organization

IOPC

International Oil Pollution Compensation Funds

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

IZA

Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH

JAMA

The Journal of the American Medical Association

JLEO

The Journal of Law, Economics and Organization

JLS

The Journal of Legal Studies

LGDJ

Librairie Générale de Droit et de Jurisprudence

MA

Massachusetts

MAI

Medical Adversity Insurance

MLDA

Minimum Legal Drinking Age

MN

Minnesota

NAIC

National Association of Insurance Commissioners NBER National Bureau of Economic Research

NCSC

National Center for State Courts

NEA

Nuclear Energy Agency

NEBA

Net Environmental Benefit Analysis

NGO

Non Governmental Organisation

NHS

National Health Service

NICE

National Institute for Clinical Excellence

NJ

New Jersey

NSC

National Safety Council

NY

New York

OECD

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

ONIAM

L’Office National d’Indemnisation des Accidents Médicaux

OSHA

Occupational Safety and Health Administration OTA Office of Technology Assessment

P&I

Clubs Protection and Indemnity Clubs

PIAA

Physicians Insurers Association of America

PRP

Potentially Responsible Party

QALY

Quality Adjusted Life Year

p. xxR&D

Research & Development

RTDC

Revue Trimestrielle de Droit Civil

Stan. L. Rev.

Stanford Law Review

STOPIA

Small Tanker Oil Pollution Indemnification Agreement

TOPIA

Tanker Oil Pollution Indemnification Agreement

UCLA

University of California, Los Angeles

UK

United Kingdom

UNFCCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

UPCAM

Université Paul Cézanne-Aix-Marseille III

USA/US

United States of America

VSL

Value of a Statistical Life

VSLY

Value of a Statistical Life Year

WC

Workers’ Compensation

WW II

World War II