Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (Treaty Establishing the European Economic Community)
This international instrument was adopted in 1957 as the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community, to lay the foundations of a union among the peoples of Europe. The Treaty entered into force in 1958. It was amended multiple times and renamed “Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union” (TFEU) in 2007 by the Treaty of Lisbon. Along with the Treaty on European Union, the TFEU is one of two main treaties on which the European Union is based. As amended by the Treaty of Lisbon, the TFEU provides for the accession of the Union itself to the Convention on the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of 1950, and expresses the members’ attachment to the fundamental social rights set out in the European Social Charter of 1961 and in the Community Charter of the Fundamental Social Rights of Workers of 1989. The TFEU also contains provisions addressing specific human rights issues, such as p. 148trafficking in human beings and sexual exploitation of women and children, the protection of human health, or access to justice.