A Dictionary of Climate Change and the Environment
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A Dictionary of Climate Change and the Environment

Economics, Science, and Policy

R. Quentin Grafton, Harry W. Nelson, N. Ross Lambie and Paul R. Wyrwoll

A Dictionary of Climate Change and the Environment bridges the gap between the many disciplines encompassing climate change, environmental economics, environmental sciences, and environmental studies.
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Annotated References: A Starting Point

R. Quentin Grafton, Harry W. Nelson, N. Ross Lambie and Paul R. Wyrwoll

Below is a list of annotated references that will provide a useful introduction to some of the topics covered within this dictionary. These books, in general, are not seminal works or classic texts within their disciplines, but provide a useful introduction without demanding a special expertise in the area.

The texts are grouped into nine headings, under three main areas. The first area covers the biological sciences; the second, the physical sciences; and the third, economics and modeling as it applies to environmental and natural resource issues, as well as international agreements. In addition to the texts listed below, a detailed list of references is supplied at the back of the dictionary.

1. Biology

a. General

Campbell, N.A., J.B. Reece, L.A. Urry, M.L. Cain, S.A. Wasserman, P.V. Minorsky and R.B. Jackson (2010), Biology, 9th edn, San Francisco: Benjamin Cummings.

An introduction to biology and its application in understanding how life exists on Earth.

b. Cellular/genetic

Griffiths, A.J.F., S.R. Wessler, R.C. Lewontin, W.D. Fixsen and S.B. Carroll (2008), Introduction to Genetic Analysis, 9th edn, New York: W.H. Freeman.

A text that introduces the reader to genetic theory and cellular development.

c. Evolutionary

Freeman, S. and J.C. Herron (2007), Evolutionary Analysis, 4th edn, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

An undergraduate text that examines the concepts and ideas underlying evolution.

d. Wildlife

Sinclair, A.R.E., J.M. Fryxell and G. Caughley (2006), Wildlife Ecology, Conservation and Management, Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell.

p. lxProvides a holistic view of wildlife management, with a particular emphasis on the underlying ecological systems.

e. Fisheries

King, M. (2007), Fisheries Biology, Assessment and Management, Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell.

An introduction to fisheries conservation and fisheries management, including the biological systems involving fish and their habitats.

2. Botany

a. General

Taiz, L. and E. Zeigler (2010), Plant Physiology, 5th edn, Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates.

An introduction to understanding how plants function.

3. Fisheries, Forestry and Water

a. Fisheries

Grafton, R.Q., R. Hilborn, D. Squires, M. Tait and M. Williams (2010), Handbook of Marine Fisheries Conservation and Management, New York: Oxford University Press.

The most comprehensive and interdisciplinary work on marine conservation and fisheries management ever compiled.

b. Forestry

Kimmins, J.P. (2004), Forest Ecology: A Foundation for Sustainable Management, 3rd edn, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

A well written book examining the economic and biological issues involved in forest management.

Perry, D., R. Oren and S. Hart (2008), Forest Ecosystems, Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins Press.

A comprehensive overview of forest ecosystems and related issues.

p. lxiSmith, D.M., B.C. Larson, M.J. Kelty, P. Mark and S. Ashton (1997), The Practice of Silviculture: Applied Forest Ecology, New York: Wiley.

The techniques and application of silvicultural practices in North America.

c. Water

Grafton, R.Q. and K. Hussey (eds) (2011), Water Resources Planning and Management, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

A comprehensive and up-to-date volume of 35 chapters, including foundational chapters (such as the water cycle), water management chapters (such as adaptive water management), and case studies.


a. General

Krebs, C.M. (2009), Ecology, San Francisco: Benjamin Cummings.

An introductory text to the framework used in ecological analysis.

Smith, R.L. and T.M. Smith (2008), Elements of Ecology, 7th edn, San Francisco: Benjamin Cummings.

A book that examines environmental issues today from a perspective of ecological principles.

5. Geology

a. General

Lutgens, F.K., E.J Tarbuck and D. Tasa (2011), Essentials of Geology, 11th edn, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

An introductory text to the basic principles underlying geological processes.

b. Hydrology

Fetter, C.W. (2001), Applied Hydrogeology, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

A more advanced text that outlines the basic models and science that are used in hydrology.p. lxii

c. Geomorphology

Bloom, A.L. (2004), Geomorphology: A Systematic Analysis of Late Cenozoic Landforms, 3rd edn, Long Grove, Illinois: Waveland Press.

An introductory text that covers geological processes and the resulting landforms we see around us.

6. Climate and Meteorology

a. General

Ahrens, C.D. (2007), Meteorology Today: An Introduction to Weather, Climate, and the Environment, 8th edn, Belmont, California: Thomson.

An introductory text to the basic concepts of meteorology and cycles underlying weather patterns.

Barry, R.G. and R.J. Chorley (2003), Atmosphere, Weather and Climate, 8th edn, London: Routledge.

A highly informative text covering all principles of weather and climate.

b. Climate Change

Archer, D and S. Rahmstorf (2010), The Climate Crisis: An Introductory Guide to Climate Change, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

A highly accessible summary of climate change science, future impacts and mitigation.

Houghton, J. (2009), Global Warming: The Complete Briefing, 4th edn, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Possibly the most readable and informative guide to understanding climate change science.

Ruddiman, W.F. (2007), Earth’s Climate: Past and Future, 2nd edn, New York: W.H. Freeman.

The definitive scientific textbook introducing the dynamics and variation of climate across time.p. lxiii

c. Climate Change Policy

Garnaut, R. (2008), The Garnaut Climate Change Review, Melbourne, Australia: Cambridge University Press.

A comprehensive guide to climate change policy in Australia, with a strong emphasis on the international case for action on climate change.

Stern, N. (2007), The Economics of Climate Change: The Stern Review, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

The groundbreaking treatise on the economic case for climate change mitigation.

7. Economics

a. International Economics (Including Trade)

Krugman, P., M. Obstfeld and M. Melitz (2010), International Economics: Theory and Policy, 9th edn, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

An introductory text that uses examples to examine the issues involved in international economics, including trade and finance.

b. Introductory Economics

Mankiw, N.G. (2009), Principles of Economics, 5th edn, Mason, Ohio: Cengage Learning.

An introductory text illustrating core principles with practical examples.

Katz, M.L. and H.S. Rosen (1998), Microeconomics, 3rd edn, Boston, Massachusetts: Irwin McGraw-Hill.

An excellent introduction to the important topics in microeconomics. The text includes a chapter on game theory and a chapter on externalities and public goods.

c. Non- Market Valuation

Garrod, G. and K.G. Willis (1999), Economic Valuation of the Environment: Methods and Case Studies, Northampton, Massachusetts: Edward Elgar.

p. lxivA comprehensive overview of the main methods of pricing non-market goods and the application of the techniques in case studies that include amenity values, biodiversity, and water quality.

d. Econometrics

Kennedy, P. (2003), A Guide to Econometrics, 5th edn, Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.

An introduction to econometric techniques that is very readable, covers the main types of estimation techniques and addresses the most common problems encountered in empirical work.

Studenmund, A.H. (2010), Using Econometrics: Practical Guide, 6th edn, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

A good beginner’s introduction to econometrics.

e. Natural Resource Economics

Hartwick, J.M. and N. Olewiler (1998), The Economics of Natural Resource Use, Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley Longman.

A comprehensive examination of the economics underlying the development and use of natural resources, including case studies.

Field, B.C. (2008), Natural Resource Economics: An Introduction, 2nd edn, Long Grove, Illinois: Waveland Press.

An excellent introduction to natural resource economics that includes many examples.

f. Environmental Economics

Tietenberg, T. and L. Lewis (2009), Environmental Economics and Policy, 6th edn, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

A very readable introduction to the economics of the environment, with many examples.

Grafton, R.Q., W. Adamowicz, D. Dupont, H. Nelson, R.J. Hill and S. Renzetti (2004), The Economics of the Environment and Natural Resources, Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing.

p. lxvA higher level text covering the essential topics in a detailed and concise manner.

g. Game Theory

Bierman, H.S. and L. Fernandez (1993), Game Theory with Economic Applications, Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley Publishing.

A gentle introduction to game theory that includes many useful examples from economics.

h. International Development

Perkins, D.H., S.C. Radelet and D.L. Lindauer (2006), Economics of Development, 6th edn, New York: W.W. Norton.

A useful book that examines the issues involved in economic development and includes many examples.

i. Cost–benefit Analysis

Hanley, N. and E.B. Barbier (2009), Pricing Nature: Cost–Benefit Analysis and Environmental Policy, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.

A thorough review of cost–benefit analysis and its application to the environment.

j. Forest Economics

Amacher, G., M. Ollikainen and E. Koskela (2009), Economics of Forest Resources, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

The most current review of developments in the field as well as a comprehensive review of theory.

8. Systems Dynamics

a. Environmental Modeling

Ford, A. (2009), Modeling the Environment: An Introduction to System Dynamics Modeling of Environmental Systems, 2nd edn, Washington DC: Island Press.

A good introduction to system modeling of the environment, with examples.

9. p. lxviInternational Agreements and Processes

Bodansky, D. (2009), The Art and Craft of International Law, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

Goldstein, J., M. Kahler, R. Keohane and A.M. Salughter (2001), Legalization and World Politics, Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.

Victor, D., Raustiala, K. and E. Skolinoff(1998), The Implementation and Effectiveness of International Environmental Commitments: Theory and Practice, Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.