Bayh–Dole Act (US)
Otherwise known as the University and Small Business Patent Procedures Act of 1980. It deals with ownership of intellectual property arising from federal government-funded research. US universities, small businesses and non-profits have control of their inventions and other intellectual property resulting from such funding, reversing the presumptions about title that had pertained before then. The Act was sponsored by Senators Birch Bayh of Indiana and Bob Dole of Kansas.